G23: Waanyi

AIATSIS Code: 
G23
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Waanyi

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Waanyi
Horton Name
Waanyi
Ethnologue name
Garawa [Wanji]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Wanji
Thesaurus heading
Waanyi language (G23) (Qld SE54-09)
Tindale (1974)
Wanyi, Wanyee, Wanee, Waangyee, Wonyee.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Wanyi, Wanyee, Wanee
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Waanyi, Wanji [Top End Handbook] Wanee [Basedow 1906:3]
Synonyms
Waanji
Garawa
Wanyi
Wanyee
Wanee
Waangyee
Wonyee
Comment
Language comment
Waanyi (G23) and and neighbouring Garrwa N155 belong to the Garrwan language family (Mushin, 2012:5). Breen's examination of grammatical structures in Wanyi (G23) and Garrwa N155 leads to the conclusion they are closely related but separate languages. Breen indicates that relationships with other languages are not clear, but 'correspondences with the West Barkly languages especially are worth further study' (2003:456). The Garrwan language family is located in the Gulf of Carpentaria and is the 'only family which has explicitly been analysed as having an indeterminate or intermediate status' regarding its classification as non-Pama Nyungan or Pama Nyungan (Harvey, 2009:197-198). Harvey argues 'the evaluation of the overall evidence shows Garrwan to be a PN family, within the terms of the criteria for the hypothesised opposition' (2009:198). In contrast, earlier analyses by Blake, (1990) and Evans (2005) classify Garrwan as non-Pama Nyungan (in Mushin, 2012:6).
References

Basedow, Herbert. 1907. Anthropological notes on the western coastal tribes of the Northern Territory of South Australia. Royal Society of South Australia -- Transactions 31:1-62.
Breen, Gavan. 2003. Wanyi and Garrwa comparative data. In The Non-Pama-Nyungan languages of Northern Australia. Comparative studies of the continent's most linguistically complex region. Nicholas Evans (ED). Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
Harvey, Mark. 2009. The Genetic Status of Garrwa. In Australian Journal of Linguistics, Vol 29, no 2. pp 195-244.
Mushin, Ilana. 2012. A grammar of (Western) Garrwa. Boston, Mass.: De Gruyter Mouton. (L K284.004/1)
Osborne, Charles Roland. 1966. A tentative description of the Wanji language. (PMS 1360)
Stokes, Bronwyn. 1975. The Wanyi language: a late glimpse. (PMS 5947)
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
QLD
NT
Location information
The Wanji people formerly lived on the western parts of Lawn Hill Creek and Nicholson River, from about the boundary between the Northern Territory and Queensland, westwards towards Alexandria station. This is the territory which the people still regard as their home country (Osborne 1966:1). ... borders the Goonanderry, on the south, and extends to the head of the Nicholson River (Basedow 1907:3). At Fish River; on Nicholson River west of Corinda; on Spring and Lawn Hill creeks; east to Barkly (Barclay) River; at Lawn Hill and Bannockburn; west to Old Ben-mara; southwest to Mount Morgan (Tindale 1974). The general associations were to: A. The Nicholson drainage from Corinda upstream. B. Musselbrook Creek drainage. Eastward limits: Downstream from Corinda was associated with Nguburindi. Lawn Hill homestead was associated with Wanyi. Lawn Hill Creek upstream from Constance Range was associated with Yinjilanji. Century Mine was associated with Nguburindi. Northward limits: China Wall - south of China Wall was associated with Wanyi. North of China Wall was associated with Gunindirri. Westward limits: These are unclear. The associations of the Cresswell Downs area are not certain. It was associated with either Wanyi or Gunindirri, but there is no definitive information as to which of these it was associated with (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps
-
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
4.54.55.56.5
NILS endangerment grade
1
Documentation
Document Score: 
10
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word list3?
Text CollectionSmall (20-100 pages)2
GrammarSketch grammar (less than 100 pages)2
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Osborne, Charles. 1966. A tentative description of the Wanji language, ms.
Dictionary: 
Furby, C.E, et al. Garawa/Wanyi wordlist, ASEDA 0244. Breen, Gavan Garawa/Wanyi machine-readable data files, ASEDA 0245.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Barry Blake, Gavan Breen, Luise Hercus, Sandra Keen, Charles Osborne, Bronwyn Stokes, Peter Sutton, Papulu Apparr-Kari Language Centre
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)GarawanGarawa [Wanji]Garawa [dialects: Wanji (Wainyi, Waanyi)]
Dixon (2002)WAANJI/GARRWA SUBGROUP*WaanjiWaanji
Wurm (1994)GarawanWaanyiWaanyi
Walsh (1981)GarawanWaanyiWaanyi
Oates (1975)GarawanWanjicWanji
Wurm (1972)KarawanWanyicWanyi
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)KarwanWanyicWanji

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