Madoidja (A41 ) in Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981).
Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Bidjandjadjara (AIAS), Bidjandjara (Herrmann), Jabu (Berndt, Herrmann), Njangadjadjara (AIAS), Nyangatjatjara (Douglas), Pidzan'dza (Berndt), Pidzandza (Herrmann), Pitjintara (Herrmann), Pitjandjara (T), Pitjantjatjara (Douglas), Pitchentara (Roheim)
This term has sometimes been used to refer to all of the Western Desert Language. See also: Yankuntjatjara, Ngaanyatjarra, Ngaatjatjara, Antikirinya, Pintupi, Kukatja (W.A.), Kukatja (S.A./N.T.), Kukata (S.A.).
This name, recognised by Tindale but not included in RLS or Oates 1973, is applied to a group Tindale 1974 mentions as in contact with Pintupi, Pitjantjatjara and Ngaatatjara. The alternant names recorded by Tindale are: Wankawinan, Kalgonei, Kalguni, Wanudjara, Pintularapi, Mangawara, Tjurti, Widanda.
Classification of the language:
Western Desert group, Wati subgroup
Oates '73: 56.6a
Present number and distribution of speakers:
Western Desert, in N.T., S.A. and W.A. Ernabella, Docker River, Areyonga, Alice Springs.
Milliken, 1972 -- 874 (in N.T.)
Black, 1979 -- 2000, including 300-400 Ngaanyatjarra
People who have worked intensively on the language:
Paul Eckert, Ernabella.
Established orthography, from Ernabella.
Grammar or sketch grammar:
Douglas & Trudinger, IAD.
Material available on the language:
AIAS Selected reading list, Central and Western Desert: The Aranda, Bidjandjarra, Bindubi, Waljbiri. 17p. mimeo. AIAS. 197?
Craig, Beryl. Bibliography (of works on Pitjantjatjara ). AIAS.
de Graaf, Mark. 197?. Aboriginal literature: a bibliography of literature on anthropology and Aboriginals with Pitjantjatjara references extracted. Alice Springs Community College. 55+20p. xeroxed ts.
Aboriginal Land Rights Commission. 1973. Extracts from first report (July 1973), pages S1-S5. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. 4p. (with Pitjantjatjara translation)
Capp, Robert. 1973. Report on visits to Areyonga and Hermannsburg with regard to:- Pitjantjatjara dialects, literacy materials, standard orthography for central Australian languages. Ernabella School. 5p. ts.
---------- Survival Pitjantjatjara. 7p. mimeo. ts.
Eckert, Paul & James Wafer. 1979. Pitjantjatjara orthography circulars. April, 3p. June, 3p., and some replies.
English-Pitjantjara vocabulary. 197?. 19p. mimeo. ts. IAD. (prepared at Ernabella Mission; accompanied by itjantjatjara-English vocabulary)
Glass, A. & Dorothy Hackett. 1979b. Medical phrases from three Western Desert languages. (Ngaanyatjarra, Wangkatja, Pitjanytjatjarra). 59p. Perth: Human Sciences Research.
Hale, Kenneth L. 1973. Deep-surface canonical disparities in relation to analaysis and change: an Australian example, pp. 401-58 in Current Trends in Linguistics, Volume 11, ed. by Thomas Sebeok. The Hague: Mouton. (compares Pitjantjatjara and Luritja)
Hansen, Kenneth C. & Lesley E. Hansen. 1975. A comparison of Western Desert dialects. Chart 2, pp.28-29 in their Core of Pintupi Grammar. IAD.
An illustrated topical dictionary of the Western Desert language: Ernabella dialect. 22p. ms. (A prepublication draft of: An illustrated topical dictionary of the Western Desert language: Warburton Ranges dialect, by Wilfred H. Douglas, with Ernabella words written in as corrections.)
Kirke, Brian K. 197?. Pronunciation of central Australian languages. 8p. mimeo ts. IAD.
---------- English-Pitjantjatjara dictionary: a-be. 44p. ms.
Myers, Deborah (ed.) 1978. A simple explanation of Pitjantjatjara. 39p. Adelaide: Education Department of S.A.
O'Grady, G.N. & T.J. Klokeid. 1969. Australian Linguistic Classification: A Plea for Coordination of Effort. Oceania 39:298-311. Questions and answers relating to medical information and
procedure in the Pitjantjara languages devised by Dr B. Whittenbury, translated by Malpiya Heffernen & Jim Downing. IAD, 197?. 14p. mimeo. (previous editions were 9p., 10p. mimeo. ts.)
ten Raa, Eric & S.T. Woenne. 1974. Research Dictionary of the Western Desert Language of Australia. Department of Anthropology, University of Western Australia. (I 11988) (primarily Ngaatjatjara)
Tindale, N.B. 1931-37. Vocabulary of Pitjandjara, the language of the natives of the Great Western Desert. (Adelaide). 138p. ts. (some words of Pintupi, Ngalia, Kukatja, Nga:dadjara, Wirongu)
---------- 1933. Journal of an anthropological expedition to the Mann and Musgrave Ranges, May-July 1933. ms. (vocabulary of 2830 entries in Pitjandjara, Pintupi, Ngalia, Kukatja and Ngadadjara)
---------- 1951. Second visit to Ooldea, to study the Aborigines. Apr. 1951. 85p. ts., ms. (vocabulary of 90 additional words in Ngalea, Pitjandjara and Ngadadjara)
Trudinger, Ronald M. 194? Pitjantjatjara grammar. Ernabella Mission. 19p. mimeo. ts.
---------- 1943. Grammar of the Pitjantjatjara dialect, Central Australia. Oceania 13.3:205-223.
Sheppard, Nancy [with Yanyi]. 1975. Alitjinya Ngura Tjukurtjarangka. Alitji in the Dreamtime. Illustrations by Byron S. Sewell. Adapted and translated from Lewis Carroll's story: Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. 104p. Adelaide: Department of Adult Education, University of Adelaide. A number of mimeograph stories produced by IAD, DAA. Others produced by Shirley Gudgeon and others at Ernabella.
Kathy Menning (comp.) and David Nash (ed.) 1981. © IAD Press
AIATSIS gratefully acknowledges IAD Press for permission to use this material in AUSTLANG.