N13: Maranunggu

AIATSIS code: 
N13
AIATSIS reference name: 
Maranunggu

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
Maranunggu language
ABS name
-
Horton name
Maranunggu
Ethnologue name
Maranunggu
ISO 639-3 code
zmr
Tindale name
Marinunggo
Tindale (1974)
Marranunga, Maranunggo, Maranunga, Maran-ungo.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
mara1386
Other sources
Maranungku [Tryon 1979] Marranj Warrgat, Warrgat, Marra Warrgat, Merranunggu, Maranunggu, Maranungku, Murununga(?), Marranunga [Top End Handbook] Marranunga [Basedow 1907:2]
Synonyms
Ami, Amijangal, Emmi, Emmiyangal, Manhthi Yangal, Maranjwarrgat, Menhtha, Merranunggu, Maramanunggu, Maranunga, Maranunggo, Maranungo, Maringar, Maringa, Marinunggo, Marranunga, Maranungku, Maran ungo, Daly language.
Comment
Comments: 

Emmi N15, Marranj Warrgat (N13) and Menthe N6 are in a dialectal relationship of a language called Marranj N215 (Baker, 1996).

Green and Nordlinger classify this as a non Pama-Nyungan Western Daly language along with Marramaninjsji N16, Emmi N15,  Menthe N6, Marri Ngarr N102, Makati ke N163, Marrithiyel N7, Marri Tjevin N161, Marri Ammu N162, Marri Dan N9.

 

References: 

  • Baker, Brett. 1996. New Top End Handbook (FileMaker database) (ASEDA 0626).
  • Basedow, Herbert. 1907. Anthropological notes on the western coastal tribes of the Northern Territory of South Australia. Royal Society of South Australia -- Transactions 31:1-62.

  • Green, Ian & Nordlinger, Rachel. The Daly Languages (Australia). Web Resource http://dalylanguages.org

  • Tryon, D. T. 1970. An introduction to Maranungku (Northern Australia): Pacific Linguistics B-15. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 

around Elizabeth Downs Station (Tryon 1970). Country around Hermit Hill (Basedow 1907:2).

Ancestral Merranunggu (also Maranungku) country lies in the central north of the Daly region hinterland, bordered on the south by Marrithiyel, on the east by Matngele, and on the north and east by Northern Daly varieties. To its west, along the coast, are located its sister dialects, Emmi and Menthe. ... Merranunggu people now own and occupy sites to the north of the Daly, in the western Finniss River region, having relocated there relatively recently. Merranunggu elders have suggested that this relocation was facilitated by the long historical connections between the Merranunggu and their northern neighbours. (Green & Nordlinger, viewed November 2020).

 

Maps: 
-
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Darrell Tryon, Ian Green (Marranj Warrgat)
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates10
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt??
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate5
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection Less than 20 pages 1
Grammar Small grammar (100-200 pages) 3
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 

Tryon, Darrell, 1970. An introduction to Maranungku (northern Australia): Pacific Linguistics B15. Canberra: Pacific Linguistic.

Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Daly Bringen-Wagaydy Wagaydy Maranunggu  
Dixon (2002)          
Wurm (1994) Daly Bringen-Wagaydy   Maranunggu  
Walsh (1981) Daly Bringen-Wagaydy Wagaydy (Wogaidy) Maranunggu  
Oates (1975) Daly Bringen-Wagadj Wagadj Maranunggu  
Wurm (1972) Daly Brinken-Wagaty Wagaty Maranunggu  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)