N16: Maramanindji

AIATSIS code: 
N16
AIATSIS reference name: 
Maramanindji

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
-
ABS name
Marramaninyshi
Horton name
Marramaninjsji
Ethnologue name
Marimanindji
ISO 639-3 code
zmm
Tindale name
Marimanindji
Tindale (1974)
Murinmanindji (valid alternative), Maramanindji, Marimanindu (cartographic error in first edition), ? Dilik, ? Mangikurungu, ? Maritjamiri, ? Murintjameri, ? Tjameri
O'Grady et al (1966)
Marimanindji
Glottocode
mari1417
Other sources
Marekaganda [Tryon 1974] Marramaninyshi, Marramaninjsji, Marramanenjsji, Marramananjsji, Maramanandji [Top End Handbook]
Synonyms
Marramaninyshi, Marramanindjdji, Marimanindji, Marramaninjsji, Akaja, Arkiya Dilik, Lee wakya, Leewakya, Mangikurungu, Maramanandji, Marimanindu, Maritjamiri, Murinmanindji, Murintjameri, Tjameri, Ukkia, Waagai, Waagi, Wagai, Wagaiau, Wagaja, Waggaia, Waggaja, Wakaja, Wakaya, Wakkaja, Warkaia, Warkya, Wogaia, Woorkia, Worgai, Worgaia, Workaia, Workia, Workii, Marekaganda, Dilik, Daly language.
Comment
Comments: 

Maramanandji is a non-Pama Nyungan language from the Daly River region of the Northern Territory. Tryon locates Maramanandji in the Daly Family, Brinken-Wogaity group and Brinken sub-group, along with Marengar N102 and Marithiel N7 and its dialects.

The name is constructed from mara- 'language' and manandjil 'what', following a convention in Daly River languages, where 'what' is usually distinct in each language.

Tryon reports twenty speakers living in the Daly River and surrounding cattle stations and in camps near Darwin (1974:104-5). Tryon compiled a sketch grammar in 1974. Ellis reports one elderly speaker at the Daly River community who knew of only three other speakers (1988:50).

Batchelor College published a draft dictionary of Marramaninyshi (N16) in 1995.

Green and Nordlinger classify this as a non Pama-Nyungan Western Daly language along with Merranunggu N13, Emmi N15, Menthe N6, Marri Ngarr N102, Makati ke N163, Marrithiyel N7, Marri Tjevin N161, Marri Ammu N162, Marri Dan N9 (viewed November 2020).

 

References: 
  • Ellis, James S. 1988. Sociolinguistic survey report : Daly River region languages. Work Papers of SIL-AAIB, Series B, vol.13 p.33-66.
  • Green, Ian & Nordlinger, Rachel. The Daly Languages (Australia). Web Resource http://dalylanguages.org
  • Tryon, Darrell T. 1974. Daly family languages, Australia. Canberra : Research School of Pacific Studies, ANU.
  • Sullivan, Ellen, Kwombon Association. 1995. Marramaninyshi : a learner's wordlist - Marramaninyshi to English - English to Marramaninyshi. [Darwin] : Printed by Educational Technology Unit, Batchelor College.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 

... somewhere south of Hermit Hill, in the Central Daly region (Capell 1963 as quoted by Tryon 1974). South of Hermit Hill, central Daly River (Tindale 1974). The general association was to the drainage of Doon Creek between Flood Hill and the Docherty Hills on the west, and extending to the level of Quartz Knob on the east. There was no precise information on the eastern limit of Marrimaninjsji associations in 2007 (Harvey ASEDA 802).

Marramaninjsji (N16) was traditionally spoken in an area to the east of the Docherty Hills and to the south of the Dilke Range (Green & Nordlinger viewed November 2020).

 

Maps: 
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Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt10?
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate10
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual Less than 1 1
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Daly Bringen-Wagaydy Bringen Marimanindji  
Dixon (2002)   DALY RIVER AREAL GROUP Western Daly subgroup* Marramanindjdji Marrithiyel I. Green (1989) further dialects: Marri Ammu, Marritjevin, Marridan, Marramanindjdji
Wurm (1994) Daly Bringen-Wagaydy   Marimanindji  
Walsh (1981) Daly Bringen-Wagaydy Bringen Marimanindji  
Oates (1975) Daly Bringen-Wagadj Bringen Maramanandji  
Wurm (1972) Daly Brinken-Wagaty Brinken Maramanandji  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Brinken     Maramanindji