Y4: Kulkalgaw Ya

AIATSIS code: 
Y4
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kulkalgaw Ya

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Tindale (1974)
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O'Grady et al (1966)
Yam
Glottocode
-
Other sources
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Synonyms
Masig, Tutu, Jam, Yam, Torres Strait Islander language, Torres Strait Islander people
Comment
Comments: 

Kulkalgaw Ya (Y4) is a variety of the Western Torres Strait language known as Kala Lagaw Ya Y1. Other varieties are Mabuyag Y239, Kalaw Kawaw Ya Y2 and Kawalgaw Ya Y5.

Note that ABS does not make a distinction between Kalaw Lagaw Ya  (Y1) and Kalaw Kawaw Ya (Y2) and thus Census data probably covers both language varieties.

See also Torres Strait Creole P2 and Meriam Mir Y3.

Kulkalgaw ya was spoken on Tudu Island, now spoken on Masig (Yorke Island) (Ober p.c. 2007).

 

References: 
-
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
TSI
Location information: 

Yam, Sue, Coconut, Yorke Islands (Ford and Ober 1991). Tutu (Ober 2007 p.c.).

Maps: 
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Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 

Gebaralgal (Torres Strait Islanders) Corporation
Yam Island Council
Yam Island via Thursday Island QLD 4875:
Magani Lagaugal (Torres Strait Islanders) Corporation
Yam Island Council
Yam Island via Post Office, Thursday Island QLD 4875:
Masigalgal (Torres Strait Islanders) Corporation
C/-Yorke Island Council
Yorke Island via Thursday Island QLD 4875:
Mer Gedkem Le (Torres Strait Islanders) Corporation
C/- Mer Island via Thursday Island QLD 4875:
Porumalgal (Torres Strait Islanders) Corporation
Coconut Island Council
Coconut Island via Post Office, Thursday Island:

Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
-
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)          
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981)          
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Mabuiag Central Mabuiag Yam, Tutu, Masig,  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Mabuiagic   Masig, Tutu, Yam  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Mabuiagic   Masig, Tutu, Jam