A58: Nyamal

AIATSIS Code: 
A58
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Nyamal

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Nyamal
Horton Name
Nyamal
Ethnologue name
Nyamal
ISO 639-3 code
nly
Tindale name
Njamal
Thesaurus heading
Nyamal language (A58) (WA SF51-05)
Tindale (1974)
Nyamal, Nyamel, N'amal, Njalmal (probably a draftsman's error), Namal, Namel, Gnamo (in Leiden Museum MS), Tjingkai Njamal (hordes near Strelley River), Ibarga (upper Oakover River hordes), Ibarrga, Ibargo, Njamat (an Indjibandi version of name), Wanbarda (Njan-gamarda name for this, the Ngarla and the Kariara tribe, it means 'lowlands people'), Widagari (the southeastern hordes of Njamal), Widagaree, Wirdakarri, Weedokarry, Weedookary, Pundju Njamal ('heavy' speakers of Njamal), Pundu N'amal.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Njamal, Nyamel, Namel, Gnamo
Glottocode
nyam1271
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Pundju
Widagari
Witukari
Gnamo
Ibarga
Ibargo
Ibarrga
Namal
Namarl
Namel
Njalmal
Njamal
Njamarl
Njamat
Nyamarl
Nyamel
Pundju Njamal
Pundu Namal
Tjingkai Njamal
Wanbarda
Weedokarry
Weedookary
Widagaree
Wirdakarri
Comment
Language comment
Oates (1975:74) lists Bundjuwanga A75 as a dialect of Nyamal and says it was studied and termed by von Brandenstein as 'heavy' Njamal (A58). No item with the name Bundjuwanga is found in MURA but there may be Bundjuwanga data described as being on the Nyamal (A58) language, particularly amongst von Brandenstein's manuscripts.
References

Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
Dixon, Sally. 2011. How to read and write Pilbara languages. South Hedland: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
WA
Location information
On the Coongan and Shaw rivers to their headwaters and on the lower reaches of the de Grey River west of Barramine almost to Mulyie and Wodgina; at Marble Bar, Nullagine, Hillside, Bamboo Springs, and Warrawoona. Njamal also inhabit the headwaters of the Yule and Turner rivers east of Wodjina. They are the ['Pundju ] or 'heavy' speakers of Njamal (Tindale 1974). Bundjuwanga: Area encompassing headwaters of Turner, Shaw and Coongan Rivers, Studied by von Brandenstein who termed it 'heavy' Njamal (Oates 1975:74). Contemporary location: Yandeyarra, Port Hedland, Warralong (Dixon 2011:39).
Maps
  • Tindale, Norman. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Division of National Mapping, Department of National Development.
  • Dench, Alan. 1995. Martuthunira, a language of the Pilbara region of Western Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2001. Kariyarra wordlists & sketch grammar. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
  • Sharp, Janet. 2004. Nyangumarta: a language of the Pilbara region of Western Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
100 - 10 - - 25? 20 34
Speaker NILS table
- - - -
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
6
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Less than 20 pages 1
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Dictionary: 
Burgman, Albert. 2007. Nyamal dictionary: English-Nyamal finderlist and topical wordlist 2007. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. Burgman, Albert. 2007. Nyamal dictionary 2007. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. (CD ROM)
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Alan Dench, Geoff O’Grady, Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan South-West Inland Ngayarda Nyamal  
Dixon (2002)   GASCOYNE RIVER TO PILBARA AREAL GROUP Pilbara/Ngayarta areal group Nyamal Nyamal further dialects: Ibarga, Widugari
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West   Nyamal  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Inland Ngayarda Nyamal  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Pilbara-Nyungar (Southwest) Inland Ngayarda Njamal  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Ngayarda Nyamarl (Nyamal)  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Ngayarda Nyamal