A79: Yinhawangka

AIATSIS code: 
AIATSIS reference name: 


Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
ABS name
Horton name
Ethnologue name
Panytyima [Ngarlawangga]
ISO 639-3 code
Tindale name
Tindale (1974)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Other sources
Ngarlawangka [<ozbib>Marmion 1996:3$3687</ozbib>] Ngala-wonga [von Brandenstein] Ngaala Warngga [von Brandenstein PMS 2125] Ngalawangga [<ozbib>von Brandenstein MS 1746$7515</ozbib>] Ngaala-Warngga [Prichard 1974] Ngala [<ozbib>Dixon 2011:37$7367</ozbib>]
Ngarluwangka, Panytyima, Ngalawonga

Yinhawangka is a Pama Nyungan language from Western Australia.

There is some confusion between Yinhawangka and Ngarla A48. The code A48 was originally assigned to Ngalawonga, which later became Yinhawangka as it was thought to be an alternative (and preferred) name for the same language. An additional code, A79, was created when it became apparent that the two are likely distinct language varieties, but this was originally applied to Ngalawonga (now Ngarla). The two codes have now been reversed to reflect the original assignment. As a consequence material labelled as Ngarla A48 may in fact be Yinhawangka A79. 

Von Brandenstein spoke to people in Onslow, who told him that Ini-warngga (or Ina-warngga) (A79) is the same as Niinanu, noting 'nina- is the Ina-warngga word for "to see" '. This name is associated with country south of the Pandjima and east of the Tjururu, implying this country is identified as Inawarngga [?] on Radcliffe-Brown's map1912  and Tindale's map of 1940 (1968:3). He notes that Ina-warngga spoken at Onslow was infulenced by Pandjima. 

Oates (1975:76) lists Ninaanu as an alternative name of Inawanga (A79) following von Brandenstein. Therefore, Tindale's Ninanu is listed under Yinhawangka.

Jones and Denniss report that, although Yinhawangka has been classified within the Wati subgroup by O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin, the variety of Yinhawangka described in the Wangka Maya 2008 publication is very similar to Banyjima A53 which is part of the Ngayarda subgroup (Wangka Maya PALC 2008:iii).




  • Dixon, Sally. 2011. How to read and write Pilbara languages. South Hedland: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • von Brandenstein. 1968. Interim Report No. 2 (September - December). PMS 2127.
  • Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2008. Yinhawangka: Yinhawangka dictionary English-Yinhawangka wordlist and topical wordlists 2008. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
State / Territory: 
Location information: 

On Hardey River south of Rocklea; southeast along upper Ashburton River from Turee Creek upstream to Kunderong Range and Angelo River; south only a short distance from the main Ashburton River channel to the north of Mount Vernon Station (Tindale 1974).

On Lyons and North Lyons rivers west to near Mount Phillips and to Peedawarra Bluff; east to eastern end of Teano Range; south to about Mount Augustus (Tindale 1974 for Ninanu).

... in the inland Ashburton region on the upper plateau of the Hamersley Ranges. Nowadays traditional country includes low-lying areas from Palm Springs, to Bellary Springs and on to Paraburdoo, including sites near Seven Mile Creek and the Ashburton River. (Wangka Maya PALC 2008:iv).

Contemporary location: Onslow, Bellary Springs community, Warrkuthurni community. (Wangka Maya PALC 2008:iv). Tom Price, Ballary Springs, Port Hedland, Woodstock (Dixon 2011:44).


  • Tindale, Norman. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Division of National Mapping, Department of National Development.
  • Marmion, Doug. 1996. A description of the morphology of Wajarri, University of New England: BA (Hons)
Irra Wangga - Geraldton Language Programme (formally Yamaji Language Centre)
Indigenous organisations: 
Year Source Speaker numbers

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
vocabulary and sentences
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan South-West Inland Ngayarda Panytyima [Ngarlawangga] Panytyima [dialects: Related to Yinawongga, Ngarlawangga, Ngarla, Tjurruru, which may be extinct, and Nyamal.]
Dixon (2002)   MOORE RIVER TO GASCOYNE RIVER GROUP Watjarri/Parti-maya subgroup* Ngarluwangka Watjarri Douglas (1981), Marmion (1996) further dialects: Birdungu, Nhugarn; and possibly Ngarluwangka (or may be separate language)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West   Ngarlawangka  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyunhgan south-West Inland Ngayarda Ngarlawangga  
Oates (1975)          
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Western Desert Language Ngalawonga  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Wati Ngalawonga