This is a language more widely known by related varieties or dialects. There are many varieties which cover a wide region; reported varieties included in this database are: Antikirinya / Antakirinja C5; Birniridjara A25; Bunggura A28; Dargudi A56; Djalgandi A26; Gula A21; Kartujarra A51; Kiyajarra A52; Kokatha C3; Kukatja A68; Kukatja C7; Kurajarra A85; Kuwarra A16; Luritja C7.1; Maduwongga A6; Mandjindja A33; Mangu A34; Manyjilyjarra A51.1; Marawa A22; Martu Wangka A86; Mudalga A27; Murunitja A8; Nakako A32; Nanadjara A37; Nangadadjara A17; Ngaanyatjarra A38; Ngaatjatjarra A43; Ngadawanga A30; Ngalia C2; Njangadjadjara A83; Pindiini A102; Pintupi C10; Pitjantjatjara C6; Putijarra A54; Tjeraridjal A7; Tjupan A31; Waljen A11; Wangkajunga A87; Wangkatha A12; Wangkatja A103; Warnman A62; Wawula A29; Wilyara A20; Wirdinya A49; Wirdjaragandja A82; Yankunytjatjara C4; Yulparija A67.
The Speaker Number for Schmidt 1990 refers to: Pitjantjatjara C6; Pintupi-Luritja C10, C7.1;Yankunytjatjara C4; Manjiljarra A51.1; Yulparija A67; Martu Wangka A86; Gugaja C7; Ngaanyatjara A38.
Gibson desert, Simpson desert, Great Sandy Desert, Little Sandy Desert, Great Victoria Desert.
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Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.
Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).