D10: Wiradjuri

AIATSIS Code: 
D10
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Wiradjuri

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Wiradjuri language (Previously Wiradhuri language)
ABS Name
Wiradjuri
Horton Name
Wiradjuri
Ethnologue name
Wiradhuri
ISO 639-3 code
wrh
Tindale name
Wiradjuri
Thesaurus heading
Wiradjuri language (D10) (NSW SI55-07)
Tindale (1974)
Wiradyuri, Wiradhuri, Wiraduri, Wiradjeri, Wirra' jerre', Wiradhari, Wirra-dhari, Wirradhurri, Wirra-dthoor-ree, Wirraidyuri, Wirraddury, Wiraijuri, Wirraijuri, Wi-iratheri, Wirrathuri, Wiradthuri, Wiradthery, Wirathere, Wiratheri, Wiragere, Wuradjeri, Wira-durei, Wira-shurri, Wirradgerry, Weradgerie, Woradgery, Waradgeri, Wiratu-rai, Wiradurei, Wirrajerry, Weorgery, Woradjera, Woorad-gery, Woorajuri, Woradjerg, Weerarthery (said to be Ka-milaroi name), Wirotheree, Wiratheri, Wooratheri, Wooratherie, Wiiradurei, Wirra-dthooree, Warradjerrie, Waradgery, Wayradgee, Wirrajeree, Wirradjery, Wir-ra' jer-ree, Wirrai-yarrai, Wirrach-arree, Wiradjwri (typographical error), Warrai Durhai, Wirraidyuri, Kunamildan (of the Thaua, means 'come by night,' i.e., night raiders), Wagga tribe (a horde).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Wiradhuri, Wiraduri, Wiradjeri, Wiradhari, Wirraidyuri, Wiratheri, Wirashuri, Werogery, Woradjera, Wordjerg, Wira-Athorree, Wirajeree, Wirraiyarrai, Wirracharee
Glottocode
wira1262
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Wiradhurri
Wirratherie
Wirradgerry
Waradgery
Woradgery
Wiradhuri
Jeithi
Berrembeel
Junamildan
Wagga tribe
Waradgeri
Warandgeri
Warradjerrie
Warrai Durhai
Wayradgee
Weeragurie
Weerarthery
Weorgery
Weradgerie
Werogeri
Werogery
Wiiradurei
Wiiratheri
Wir rajer ree
Wira athoree
Wira durei
Wira shurri
Wiradhari
Wiradjari
Wiradjeri
Wiradjwri
Wiradthery
Wiradthuri
Wiradurei
Wiraduri
Wiradyuri
Wiragere
Wiraijuri
Wirajarai
Wirajeree
Wirajerry
Wirashuri
Wirathere
Wiratheri
Wiraturai
Wirotheree
Wirra jerre
Wirrajerre
Wirra athoree
Wirra dhari
Wirra dthoor ree
Wirra dthooree
Wirracharee
Wirrach arree
Wirraddury
Wirradhurri
Wirradjerri
Wirradjery
Wirraiyarrai
Wirrai yarrai
Wirraidyuri
Wirraijuri
Wirrajeree
Wirrajerry
Wirrathuri
Wooradgery
Woorajuri
Wooratheri
Wooratherie
Woradgery
Woradjera
Woradjerg
Wordjerg
Wuradjeri
Wira Athorree
Wi iratheri
Wiratu rai
Woorad gery
Wir ra jer ree
Kunamildan
Comment
Language comment
Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:221-222) question whether Wiradjuri has always been used to refer to ‘the whole language spoken in the area from Dubbo and Mudgee in the north almost to Albury in the south, from Bathurst in the east almost to Hay in the west’. They identify Wirraayaraay D65 as a related northern dialect, but leave the question of whether Tindale’s Jeithi D58 refers to a separate dialect of Wiradjuri or not unresolved.
References

Berndt, Ronald M. 1962. Aborigines: magic and sorcery. Australian Encyclopaedia, 2nd edn, vol. 1.
Dutton, H.S. 1901. Linguistics. Science of Man, vol. 3, no. 12, pp. 208–10.
Maguire, J. 1901. Buggeen - the evil spirit. Science of Man, vol. 4, no. 4, p.88.
Thomas, W.N. 1900. Linguistics – Wiraiari tribe. Science of Man, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 166–7.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. University of California Press/ANU Press.
Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NSW
Location information
On the Lachlan River and south from Condobolin to Booligal; at Carrathool, Wagga-Wagga, Cootamundra, Cowra, Parkes, Trundle; east to Gundagai, Boorowa, and Rylstone; at Wellington, Mudgee, Bathurst, and Carcoar; west along Billabong Creek to beyond Mossgiel; southwest to near Hay and Narrandera; south to Howlong on upper Murray; at Albury and east to about Tumbarumba. They visited Yass for ceremonies with the Ngunawal tribe. The northwestern boundary was incorrectly drawn on the 1940 map. Brough Smyth shows that members of the tribe were on the Murray River at Albury (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- - - - - 31 30 102
Speaker NILS table
5 3 3.5 5
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
11
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Small grammar (100-200 pages) 3
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Grant, Stan. 2001. Wiradjuri language: how it works: a grammar in everyday English. ACT: Restoration House. Günther, James. 1838. Native dialect, Wirradurri, spoken in the Wellington district, microfilm.
Dictionary: 
Rudder, John Cornish. 2005. A first Wiradjuri dictionary: English to Wiradjuri, Wiradjuri to English and categories of things. ACT: Restoration House. Grant, Stan and Rudder, John. 2010. A new Wiradjuri dictionary: English to Wiradjuri, Wiradjuri to English, categories of things and reference tables. Canberra, ACT: Restoration House.
Programs
Activities: 
Michele Herbert of Forbes North Primary School has been teaching Wiradjuri for several years (2006). Kelso Public School received funding to teach Wiradjui language and produce language resource materials (2007). Restoration House in Canberra have produced a number of language learning resources. A short documentary has been made by Suzanne Taylor showcasing the success of the school Wiradjuri lessons program in Parkes. It is being shown on ABC Open television. (2012) The Parkes Wiradjuri Language Group is producing resources and running community language classes open to anyone interested. (2012)
People: 
Tamsin Donaldson, Stan Grant, Dianne Hosking, Janet Mathews, Sally McNicol, John Rudder, Stan Grant Snr, Nyanda Ngudjuwa Aboriginal Corporation
Indigenous organisations: 
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Wiradhuric   Wiradhuri  
Dixon (2002)   CENTRAL NEW SOUTH WALES GROUP Central inland New South Wales subgroup* Wiradhurri (or Wirratherie or Wirradgerry or Waradgery or Woradgery, etc.) Wiradhurri (or Wirratherie or Wirradgerry or Waradgery or Woradgery, etc.) H. Hale (1846), Günther (1892) possible further dialect: Wiraiari
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Wiradhuric   Wiradhuri  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Wiradhuric   Wiradhuri (Wiradjuri)  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Wiradjuric Main Wiradjuric Wiradjuri  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Wiradjuric Main Wiradjuric Wiradjuri  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Wiradjuric Main Wiradjuri