E37: Bidjara / Bidyara

AIATSIS Code: 
E37
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Bidjara / Bidyara

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Bidjara language
ABS Name
Bidjara
Horton Name
Bidjara
Ethnologue name
Bidyara
ISO 639-3 code
bym
Tindale name
Pitjara
Thesaurus heading
Bidjara / Bidyara language (E37) (Qld SG55-03)
Tindale (1974)
Bidjera, Peechera
O'Grady et al (1966)
Bidjera, Peechera
Glottocode
bidy1243
Other sources
Bitharra [Myles 1886]
Synonyms
Pitjara
Bidjera
Bithara
Bitjara
Minkabari
Peachera
Peechera
Pitteroo
Wilya
Bitharra
Comment
Language comment
Not to be confused with Bidjara L43 of the Bulloo River. Breen (1973:3-4) says that, while previously there was greater difference between the two, he now writes that Bidjara / Bidyara and Gungabula E35 are virtually identical. He also alludes to there being two minimally different dialects of Bidjara / Bidyara: a southern group who 'regard their tribal territory as comprising approximately the country drained by the upper Warrego (above Charleville) and usually call their language the “Warrego Language”', and a northern (Clermont) group who 'call themselves Bidyara and speak the same dialect (with isolated differences in vocabulary) but are generally referred to by the southern speakers as Wadyaningu or Wadyaninga. It is not known whether this is a name used by the Bidyara on the inland side of the Great Divide for those on the seaward side, or whether it was a Bidyara name for a language to the north and is mistakenly applied to the Clermont people.' Due to the uncertain status of these names, as well as the low chance of materials emerging which are specifically about one dialect or the other, the Bidjara dialects are not included in this database, nor in the Thesaurus.
References

Breen, Gavan. 1973. Bidyara and Gungabula: grammar and vocabulary. In Linguistic Communications 8, 1-227. Melbourne: Monash University.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
QLD
Location information
Headwaters of Nogoa and Warrego rivers; south to Caroline, north of Augathella; east to Killarney and Chesterton; west to Nive River; north to Mantuan Downs (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
----
NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
8
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarSmall grammar (100-200 pages)3
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available (Nekes) - unclear status
Grammar: 
Breen, Gavan. 1973. Bidyara and Gungabula : grammar and vocabulary. In Linguistic Communications no.8. 1- 227.
Dictionary: 
Breen, Gavan. 1973. Bidyara and Gungabula : grammar and vocabulary. In Linguistic Communications no.8. 1- 227.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Gavan Breen, Janet Mathews, Margaret Sharpe
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganMaricBidyara
Dixon (2002)GREATER MARIC GROUPMaric proper subgroupBidjaraBidjara* Breen (1973, 1981a) further dialects: Gungabula, Marrganj, Gunja, Wadjigu, Gayiri, Dharawala, Wadjalang, Wadjabangayi, Yiningayi, Yanjdjibara, Mandandanjdji, Guwamu, Gunggari, Ganulu, Gabulbara, Wadja, Nguri
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganMaricBidyara
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganMaricMariBidyara
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMaricMariBidjara
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariPitjara
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariPitjara