... from Clermont south to the Dawson River' as a more accurate location (Terrill 1998:78). Holmer (in Breen 2009) identifies Gangulu A (Springsure and Nebo areas) and Gangulu B (Woorabinda and vicinity). The latter is just west of the northern part of Tindale's location of Kanolu (E40). Breen says that country described by Mathews (1899:108) and Howitt (1904:111) are not inconsistent with that given by Tindale. Dawson River south to Banana and Theodore; northwest to Mackenzie River and near Duaringa and Coomooboolaroo. East to Biloela, Mount Morgan, Gogango Range, and the upper Don River; southeast to Thangool and the headwaters of Grevillea Creek (Tindale 1974). The mapping of the location of Gangulu in this database is based on Tindale's location and the location of Ganuglu B in Holmer.
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The community of Woorabinda have developed a LOTE program to teach Gangulu in primary school.
Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.
Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).
Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri. Munich: Lincom.
Beale, Anthony. 1974. A grammar of the Biri language, PMS 3461.