E40: Gangulu

AIATSIS Code: 
E40
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Gangulu

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Gangulu
Ethnologue name
Gangulu
ISO 639-3 code
gnl
Tindale name
Kangulu
Thesaurus heading language
Gangulu language E40
Thesaurus heading (old)
Gangulu / Kanolu language (E40) (Qld SG56-01)
Tindale (1974)
Kaangooloo (['ka:ngu] = no), Cangoolootha (['tha:] == speech), Khangalu, Kangalo, Kongulu, Kongalu, Ka-ngool-lo, Konguli, Gangulu.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Kaangooloo, Khang, Kongulu, Kongalu, Konguli
Glottocode
gang1268
Other sources
Ghangulu
Synonyms
Kaangooloo
Kangulu
Kanolu
Cangoolootha
Gangu
Kangalo
Kangool lo
Khangalu
Kongalu
Konguli
Kongulu
Khang
Ghangulu
Ka ngool lo
Comment
Language comment
References

Breen, Gavan. 2009. The Biri dialects and their neighbours. In Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. 133(2):219-256.
Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri: Languages of the world 258. München: Lincom Europa.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
QLD
Location information
... from Clermont south to the Dawson River’ as a more accurate location (Terrill 1998:78). Holmer (in Breen 2009) identifies Gangulu A (Springsure and Nebo areas) and Gangulu B (Woorabinda and vicinity). The latter is just west of the northern part of Tindale’s location of Kanolu (E40). Breen says that country described by Mathews (1899:108) and Howitt (1904:111) are not inconsistent with that given by Tindale. Dawson River south to Banana and Theodore; northwest to Mackenzie River and near Duaringa and Coomooboolaroo. East to Biloela, Mount Morgan, Gogango Range, and the upper Don River; southeast to Thangool and the headwaters of Grevillea Creek (Tindale 1974). The mapping of the location of Gangulu in this database is based on Tindale’s location and the location of Ganuglu B in Holmer.
Maps
-
Catalogue
Programs
Activities: 
The community of Woorabinda have developed a LOTE program to teach Gangulu in primary school.
People: 
Margaret Sharpe, Charles Osborne
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- - - - - - - -
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
- - - -
NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
4
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri. Munich: Lincom. Beale, Anthony. 1974. A grammar of the Biri language, ms.
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Maric   Gangulu  
Dixon (2002)   GREATER MARIC GROUP Maric proper subgroup Gangulu Biri* (or Biria, Birigaba) Beale (1974) (note that Terrill 1998 is a publication of some of Beale's materials) further dialects: Gangulu, Wirri (or Widi), Yilba, Baradha, Yambina, Yetimarala, Garanjbal, Yangga
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Maric   Gangulu  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Maric Mari Gangulu  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Maric Mari Gangulu  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic | Pama-Maric Kingkel | Mari Kangulu  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Kingkel Kangulu  
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