E6: Dhanggati / Dunghutti^

AIATSIS code: 
E6
AIATSIS reference name: 
Dhanggati / Dunghutti^

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Name
ABN name
Dhungutti Language (Previously Dyangadi language)
ABS name
Dhanggatti
Horton name
Dainggatti
Ethnologue name
Dyangadi
ISO 639-3 code
dyn
Tindale name
Dainggati
Thesaurus heading language
Dhanggati / Dunghutti language E6
Thesaurus heading (old)
Dhanggati / Dunghutti language E6
Tindale (1974)
Djaingadi, Dang-getti, Danghetti, Danggadi, Dhang-atty, Thangatti, Thangatty, Dangati, Dangadi, Yuungai, Yunggai, Tangetti, Tang-gette, Burugardi (inland horde), Burgadi, Boorkutti, Nulla Nulla, Amberu (see above), Himberrong, Jang (coastal name for this tableland tribe, meaning 'bad folk'), Yung.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Dangadi, Danggetti, Dhangatty, Thangatti, Thangatty, Dangati, Tangetti, Burgadi, Boorkutti
Glottocode
dyan1250
Other sources
Thangatti (Mathews), da?ati (Laves), da?ati (Radcliffe-Brown), Thangatti (Holmer), Djangadi (Crowley), Dhan-gadi, (Godwin), Dyangadi (Dixon), Dunggudi (Quinlan), Thungatti (Wilkins) [Lissarrague 2000] Dhanggati [Wafer & Lissarrague 2008]
Synonyms
Dunghutti, Dhanggatti, Djan gadi, Thangatti, Dyangadi, Dainggatti, Dainggati, Dhan gadi, Ngaku, Thungutti, Dangadi, Danggetti, Dhangatty, Thangatty, Dangati, Tangetti, Burgadi, Boorkutti, Dhanggadi, da?ati, Djangadi, Dunggudi, Thungatti, Djaingadi, Dang getti, Danghetti, Danggadi, Dhang atty, Yuungai, Yunggai, Tang gette, Burugardi, Nulla Nulla, Amberu, Himberrong, Jang, Yung, Dhunggutti, Dhunghutti
Comment
Comments: 
Wafer and Lissarrague indicate that Dhanggati, Burrgati E70 and Ngaku E4 are most likely dialects of the same language. They call this language 'Macleay Valley language' (2008:196). Tindale (1974) lists Himberrong as an alternative name of Dainggati (E6), but Crowley (1976:22) associates Himberrong with Nganjaywana D24.
References: 
  • Crowley, Terry. 1976. Phonological change in New England. In Grammatical categories in Australian languages, ed. R. M. W. Dixon, 19-50. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Lissarrague, Amanda. 2007. Dhanggati grammar and dictionary with Dhanggati stories. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
The Macleay Valley forms the heartland of Dhanggati country, which extends as far as the Tablelands in the west and to the Macksville region in the north, where Dhanggati shares a linguistic border with Gumbaynggirr country. To the south the linguistic border between Dhanggati and Birrpay is not as clear, but the Wilson River seems to be the northern extremity of Birrpay country (Lissarrague, 2007:1)
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
Dhanggati language classes for adults were offered at the Djigay Centre at Kempsey TAFE in 2011 and 2012. Ngabu Bingayi Aboriginal Corporation have produced various resources (ngabubingayi.org). Aunty Esther Quinlin supported by Caroline Bradshaw and Gladys Quinlan, taught Dhanggati language at Bellbrook PS, Millbank PS, Greenhill PS, Macleay Valley Vocational College and other schools in the valley, until the end of 2017.
People: 
Esther Quinlin, Caroline Bradshaw, Amanda Lissarrague, Ray Kelly, Bob Smith
Indigenous organisations: 

Ngabu Bingayi Aboriginal Corporation

Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Cooperative

Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS1000
2005Estimate0
2006Census4
2011Census9
2016Census34

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection Less than 20 pages 1
Grammar Small grammar (100-200 pages) 3
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Lissarrague, Amanda. 2000. A salvage grammar of Dunghutti, University of New England: BA (Hons).

Lissarrague, Amanda. 2007. Dhanggati grammar and dictionary with Dhanggati stories. Nambucca Heads, NSW: Muurbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Cooperative.

Dictionary: 
Lissarrague, Amanda. 1993. Dhangadi Dictionary, ASEDA 0242.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Dyangadi Dyangadi
Dixon (2002) CENTRAL NEW SOUTH WALES GROUP Djan-gadi/Nganjaywana subgroup* Djan-gadi (Thangatti) Djan-gadi (Thangatti) Holmer (1966) probable further dialect: Ngaagu
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Dyangadi
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Kuri Dyangadi
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Kuri Dhanggadi
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Kuri Thangatti (Danggadi)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Kuri Dainggati