E68: Ngarbal

AIATSIS code: 
E68
AIATSIS reference name: 
Ngarbal

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Ngarabal
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Ngarabal
Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
Ngarabul, Ngarrabul, Narbul, Marbul (presumed to be mishearing or typographical error). Ngrapol (Poch 1915)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Ngarrabul/ Ngoorabul/ Ngarbu [Karen Glover, Department of Environment & Conservation, NSW] Copmanhurst [Crowley 1978] Ngrapol (Poch 1915) [Sharpe 2005] Ngarrabul [Macpherson 1931]
Synonyms
Ngarabal, Yugambal, Kwiambal, Ngarrabul/ Ngoorabul/ Ngarbu, Ngarabul, Ngarrabul, Narbul, Marbul, Ngrapol
Comment
Comments: 
Crowley (1976, 1997) treats Yugambal E11, Ngarbal and Marbal E91 as dialects of one language, on the basis of the comment made by MacPherson (1904:683) that speakers of these three languages/dialects understood each other. Wafer and Lissarrague list these three varieties as dialects of the same language (2008:332). Not to be confused with Ngarabal E92.
References: 
  • Crowley, Terry. 1976. Phonological change in New England. In Grammatical categories in Australian languages, ed. R. M. W. Dixon, 19-50. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Crowley, Terry 1997. Chipping away at the past: a northern New South Wales perspective. in McConvell, and Evans, N. Archaeology and linguistics: Aboriginal Australia in global perspective. 275-295. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
... a group extending from Glencoe to Bolivia (Sharpe 2007 p.c.) ... covering the territory from Stonehenge to Bolivia, including Glen Innes, Wellingrove and Deepwater (Crowley 1976: 21).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual 1-
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)