E85: Gambalamam

AIATSIS code: 
E85
AIATSIS reference name: 
Gambalamam

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
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Other sources
Crowley [1976:20]
Synonyms
Crowley
Comment
Comments: 
Gambalamam is almost the same as Gumbaynggirr E7 (Eades 1979:248-249 and Crowley 1976:19). Crowley reports that the only thing known about this language is its name, given to him by a Gumbaynggirr speaker in 1973 (1976:19). See also Gumbaynggirr E7, Baanbay E8 and Nymboidan E98.
References: 
  • Eades, Diana. 1979. Gumbaynggir. In Handbook of Australian languages vol. 1, eds R. M. W. Dixon and B. J. Blake, 244-361. Canberra: ANU Press.
  • Crowley, Terry. 1976. Phonological change in New England. In Grammatical categories in Australian languages, ed. R. M. W. Dixon, 19-50. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Morelli, Steve. 2008. Gumbaynggirr dictionary & learner's grammar = Gumbaynggirr bijaarr jandaygam, ngaawa gugaarrigam. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language & Culture Co-operative.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
... on the top of the Dorrigo Plateau (about 80 km north west of Nambucca Heads) (Eades 1979:248). ... the eastern extremity of the New England Tableland in the Dorrigo Plateau area (Crowley 1976:19).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002) CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP Gumbaynggirr/Yaygirr subgroup Gambalamam Gumbaynggirr* Smythe (1948/9), Eades (1979) further dialects: Baanbay, Gambalamam; possibly also Ngambaa
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Gumbaynggiric Gumbaynggir Gambalamam Gumbaynggir [dialects: Baanbay, Gambalamam]
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)