G33: Kurtjar

AIATSIS code: 
G33
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kurtjar

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Kurtjar
Ethnologue name
Gurdjar, Kunggara
ISO 639-3 code
gdj, kvs
Tindale name
Kunggara
Tindale (1974)
'Kuri'tjari (valid alternative), Kutjar, Koonkurri, Ungorri, Gilbert River tribe, Gunggara.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Koonkurri, Ungorri
Glottocode
gurd1238
Other sources
Kurtjar [Black 2007 p.c.] Kurrtyarr [Rigsby 2007 p.c.] Gurdyar, Gunggara (Breen) [Black 1980]
Synonyms
Gunggara, Gurdjar, Kunggara, Araba, Areba, Rib, Cudjeral, Curjur, Gilbert River tribe, Goom gharra, Gunggara, Koonkurri, Kortyera, Kuritjari, Kutjar, Ungorri, Kurrtjar
Comment
Comments: 

Kurtjar (G33) is also known as Kungkar (Kunggara) which means 'north' in a few languages, and is used as a language name for other languages as well as Kurtjar; Rib Y107 is described as a dialect belonging to the same language as Kurtjar (Black 1980:188). In this database Kunggara (or Gunggara) is treated as an alternative name for Kurtjar.

References: 
  • Black, Paul. 1980. Norman Pama historical phonology. In Pacific Linguistics, Rigsby, Bruce and Peter Sutton (eds), series A-59; 181-239.
  • Black, Paul, and Rolly Gilbert. 1996. Kurtjar dictionary, ms. (MS 3608).
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 

Coastal area including the Lower Gilbert and Smithburn Rivers and extending as far north as the mouth of the Staaten Riven and at least as far south as Fitzmaurice Point (Black MS3608) Staaten River south to Smithburne River and Delta Downs; inland to Stirling and Lotus Vale (Tindale 1974)

Maps: 
-
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Paul Black, Rolly Gilbert, Sandra Keen
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates20
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 

Black, Paul and Gilbert, Rolly. 1996. Kurtjar dictionary.

Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Paman Norman Pama Gurdjar, Kunggara Gurdjar [dialects: Speakers say it is similar to Kunggar.]
Dixon (2002)   WESTERN CAPE YORK PENINSULA AREAL GROUP Norman Pama subgroup* Kurtjar (or Gunggara) Kurtjar (or Gunggara) further dialect: Rip (or Ngarap or Areba)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Paman   Kurtjar  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Paman Norman Pama Kurtjar  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan   Southern Pama Gunggara  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Gulf Pama Gurdjar  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)