L4: Nukunu

AIATSIS code: 
L4
AIATSIS reference name: 
Nukunu

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Name
ABN name
Nukunu language
ABS name
Other Australian Indigenous Languages, nec (Nukunu)
Horton name
Nukunu
Ethnologue name
Nugunu
ISO 639-3 code
nnv
Tindale name
Nukunu
Thesaurus heading language
Nukunu language L4
Thesaurus heading (old)
Nukunu / Nuguna language (L4) (SA SI54-01)
Tindale (1974)
Wongaidja (valid alternative), Nukuna, Nukunnu, Nugunu, Nookoona, Nukunna, Noocoona, Nokunna, Nu-guna, Pukunna (misprint), Wongaidja, Wongaidya, Tura (['tura] = man), Tyura, Doora, Eura (general term for several tribes), Warra (name of language), Barutadura (men of Baroota).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Nukunu, Nuguna, Nukunnu, Nookoona, Noocoona, Nokunna, Pukunna, Wongaidya, Tyura, Doora, Warra
Glottocode
nugu1241
Other sources
Synonyms
Other Australian Indigenous Languages, Nugunu, Barutadura, Doora, Eura, Njuguna, Nokunna, Noocoona, Nookoona, Nuguna, Nukana, Nukuna, Nukunna, Nukunnu, Pukunna, Tjura, Tura, Tyra, Tyura, Warra, Wongaidja, Wongaidya, Nu guna
Comment
Comments: 

Nukunu is a member of the Thura-Yura L63 sub-group of Pama-Nyungan. Other members include Kaurna L3Ngadjuri L5; Narangga L1Barngala L6Adnyamathanha L10Kuyani L9Nauo L2 and Wirangu C1, which exhibits some differences with the Thura-Yura languages. One particular cultural-linguistic feature uniquely Thura-Yura is the use of ten birth-order names. Another are the regular pronoun forms unique to the sub-group (Simpson & Hercus 2004:179).

References: 
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1992. A Nukunu dictionary. Canberra: Department of Linguistics, The Faculties, Australian National University.
  • Simpson, J & L Hercus. 2004. Thura-Yura as a subgroup, in (Bowern & Koch eds) Australian Languages : classification and the comparative method. Amsterdam/Philadelphia : John Benjamins.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
SA
Location information: 

Eastern side of Spencer Gulf from a little north of the mouth of the Broughton River and vicinity of Crystal Brook northward to Port Augusta; east to Melrose, Mount Remarkable, Gladstone, and Quorn; at Baroota (Tindale 1974).

Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Catherine Ellis, Luise Hercus, Hale & O'Grady
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
Check Nekes MF4
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 

Hercus, Luise. 1992. A Nukunu dictionary. Canberra: AIAS.

Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan South-West Yura Nugunu  
Dixon (2002)   SPENCER GULF BASIN AREAL GROUP   Nukunu Kadli Teichelmann and Schürmann (1840) dialects: Kaurna, Nantuwara, Ngadjuri, Narangka, Nukunu
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West   Nugunu  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Yura Nugunu  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Southern Western Desert Type Yura Nugunu  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Yura Nukuna  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Yura Nukuna