N104: Ritharrngu

AIATSIS Code: 
N104
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Ritharrngu

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Ritharngu language
ABS Name
Ritharrngu, Yakuy
Horton Name
Yolngu (Ritharngu)
Ethnologue name
Ritarungo
ISO 639-3 code
rit
Tindale name
Diakui (Ritarngu)
Thesaurus heading
Ritharrngu / Ridharrngu language group (N104) (NT SD53-07)
Tindale (1974)
Dhiyakuy, Djikai, Jikai, Tchikai, Dijogoi (for Diakui) Ritarungo, Ritharrngu, Ridarngo, Ritar-ingo, Rittarungo, Ritharingau, Ridarngu, Buranad-jini (for Ritarngu)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Ridarngo, Rittarungo, Ritaringo, Ritarngo
Glottocode
rita1239
Other sources
Ritharrngu, Ritharngu, Ritarrngu, Ridarno, Ridarngu, Rittarungo [Top End Handbook] Ritharrŋu [Schebeck 2001]
Synonyms
Ritharngu
Yakuy
Ritarungo
Yolngu
Daii
Diakui
Djinang
Djinba
Diagoi
Dijogoi
Diyaguyi
Ridarngo
Ridarngu
Ridarrngu
Ridharrngu
Ritaringo
Ritarngo
Ritarngu
Ritarnu
Rittarungo
Rittarungor
Rudarungo
Ritarrngu
Ridarno
Dhiyakuy
Djikai
Jikai
Tchikai
Dijogoi Ritarungo
Ritar ingo
Ritharingau
Buranad jini
Comment
Language comment
Ritharrŋu (N104) is a Yolngu language group affiliated with Yirritja moiety (Schebeck, 2001:16). The name of this language group is sometimes referred to as Dhiyakuy N149, consisting of the clans Wagilak N106; Manggurra N129 and Ritharrŋu (N104). Dhiyakuy is constructed with the demonstrative 'yakuy (this)', but it is not a name recognised by Yolngu (Schebeck, 2001:15). Another name associated with Dhiyakuy N149 is Yakuya N149. Heath describes Ritharrngu (N104) consisting of mala-Barrtjaray (people of the paper-bark tree) and Bunaṉatjini (Madarpa N111 sub-groups); Buwarpuwar N217; Mininggiri N218, Wagilak N106 and Ritharrngu (N104), also known as Bidingal N116.B (1980:2). See and use Ritharrngu (N104). See also Birdingal N116.B; Buranadjinid N123; Gulunggor N105; Nundjulbi N126 and Madarrpa N111. For Yolngu language groups see Yolngu Matha N230.
References

Greatorex, John. 2014. Yolngu Matha Dictionary http://yolngudictionary.cdu.edu.au/
Heath, Jeffrey G. 1980. Basic materials in Ritharngu: grammar, texts and dictionary: Pacific Linguistics B-62. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Schebeck, Bernhard. 2001. Dialect and social groupings in northeast Arnheim [i.e. Arnhem] Land vol. 7: LINCOM studies in Australian languages, no. 7. München: Lincom Europa.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
The principal concentration of Ritharngu-speaking people was in the general area of the upper Koolatong River (Heath 1980:3). An inland group east and south of the Arafura Swamp and east of the true Goyder River, extending to about the Mitchell Ranges and Koolatong River headwaters; southern boundary near the headwaters of the eastern tributaries of the Goyder River (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
1223
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
8
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarSmall grammar (100-200 pages)3
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Heath, Jeffrey. 1980. Basic materials in Ritharngu : grammar, texts and dictionary: Pacific Linguistics B62. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Dictionary: 
Heath, Jeffrey. 1980. Basic materials in Ritharngu : grammar, texts and dictionary: Pacific Linguistics B62. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Programs
Activities: 
Ngukurr Community Education Centre is running a language program (2006).
People: 
Jeffrey Heath, Margaret Sharpe, Ngkurr Language Centre, Ngukurr Community Education Centre
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganYuulnguDhuwalRitarungo
Dixon (2002)YOLNGU SUBGROUP*Southern Yolngu subgroup*RitharnguRitharngu (or Dhiyakuy) Heath (1980a) dialects include: (a) Dhiyakuy, Ritharngu; (b) Wagilak, Manggurra
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganYuulnguRitharngu
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganYuulnguRitharngu
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMurngicDhiyakuyRidarngu
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganMurngicYulnguRidarngu (Ridharngu, Ritarungo)
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganMurngicYulnguRitarungo