N104: Ritharrŋu

 How to use this field
AIATSIS Code: 
N104
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Ritharrŋu

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Ritharngu language
ABS Name
Ritharrngu, Yakuy
Horton Name
Yolngu (Ritharngu)
Ethnologue name
Ritarungo
ISO 639-3 code
rit
Tindale name
Diakui (Ritarngu)
Thesaurus heading language
Ritharrngu language N104
Thesaurus heading (old)
Ritharrngu / Ridharrngu language group (N104) (NT SD53-07)
Tindale (1974)
Dhiyakuy, Djikai, Jikai, Tchikai, Dijogoi (for Diakui) Ritarungo, Ritharrngu, Ridarngo, Ritar-ingo, Rittarungo, Ritharingau, Ridarngu, Buranad-jini (for Ritarngu)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Ridarngo, Rittarungo, Ritaringo, Ritarngo
Glottocode
rita1239
Other sources
Ritharrngu, Ritharngu, Ritarrngu, Ridarno, Ridarngu, Rittarungo [Top End Handbook] Ritharrŋu [Schebeck 2001]
Synonyms
Ritharngu
Yakuy
Ritarungo
Yolngu
Daii
Diakui
Djinang
Djinba
Diagoi
Dijogoi
Diyaguyi
Ridarngo
Ridarngu
Ridarrngu
Ridharrngu
Ritaringo
Ritarngo
Ritarngu
Ritarnu
Rittarungo
Rittarungor
Rudarungo
Ritarrngu
Ridarno
Dhiyakuy
Djikai
Jikai
Tchikai
Dijogoi Ritarungo
Ritar ingo
Ritharingau
Buranad jini
Comment
Language comment
References

Greatorex, John. 2014. Yolngu Matha Dictionary http://yolngudictionary.cdu.edu.au/
Heath, Jeffrey G. 1980. Basic materials in Ritharngu: grammar, texts and dictionary: Pacific Linguistics B-62. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Schebeck, Bernhard. 2001. Dialect and social groupings in northeast Arnheim [i.e. Arnhem] Land vol. 7: LINCOM studies in Australian languages, no. 7. München: Lincom Europa.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
The principal concentration of Ritharngu-speaking people was in the general area of the upper Koolatong River (Heath 1980:3). An inland group east and south of the Arafura Swamp and east of the true Goyder River, extending to about the Mitchell Ranges and Koolatong River headwaters; southern boundary near the headwaters of the eastern tributaries of the Goyder River (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Programs
Activities: 
Ngukurr Language Centre has run intermittent Ritharrŋu (and Wägilak) language programs at the Ngukurr Community Education Centre (2005 - 2007; 2019).
People: 
Jeffrey Heath, Margaret Sharpe
Indigenous organisations: 

Ngukurr Language Centre https://ngukurrlc.org.au/

Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- 300 300 92 61 66 66 32
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
1 2 2 3
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
8
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection None 0
Grammar Small grammar (100-200 pages) 3
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Heath, Jeffrey. 1980. Basic materials in Ritharngu : grammar, texts and dictionary: Pacific Linguistics B62. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Dictionary: 
Heath, Jeffrey. 1980. Basic materials in Ritharngu : grammar, texts and dictionary: Pacific Linguistics B62. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Yuulngu Dhuwal Ritarungo  
Dixon (2002)   YOLNGU SUBGROUP* Southern Yolngu subgroup* Ritharngu Ritharngu (or Dhiyakuy) Heath (1980a) dialects include: (a) Dhiyakuy, Ritharngu; (b) Wagilak, Manggurra
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Yuulngu   Ritharngu  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Yuulngu   Ritharngu  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Murngic Dhiyakuy Ridarngu  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Murngic Yulngu Ridarngu (Ridharngu, Ritarungo)  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Murngic Yulngu Ritarungo