N151: Anindilyakwa

AIATSIS code: 
N151
AIATSIS reference name: 
Anindilyakwa

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Name
ABN name
Anindilyakwa language
ABS name
Anindilyakwa
Horton name
Warnindilyakwa
Ethnologue name
Anindilyakwa
ISO 639-3 code
aoi
Tindale name
Ingura
Thesaurus heading language
Anindilyakwa language N151
Thesaurus heading (old)
Anindilyakwa / Enindhilyagwa / Warnindilyakwa language (N151) (NT SD53-12)
Tindale (1974)
Wanindilyaugwa, Andiljaugwa (a horde name), Andiljaukwa, Andilyaugwa, Wani-Ndiljaugwa (horde or clan name), En Indiljaugwa (language name based on horde name), Andilagwa, Lamadalpu (of natives of Trial Bay), Awarikpa (a horde name), Amakurupa (horde name based on a place name).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Andilyaugwa, Ingura
Glottocode
anin1240
Other sources
Anindilyakwa, Anindilyaugwa, Andilyaugwa, Andiljaugwa, Anindhilyakwa, Enindhilyagwa, Eninhdhilyagwa, Enindiljaugwa, Wanindilyaugwa Ingura [Top End Handbook]
Synonyms
Aninhdhilyagwa, Yingguru, Warnindilyakwa, Enindilyakwa, Ingura, Amakurupa, Andilagwa, Andiljaugwa, Andiljaukwa, Andilyaugwa, Anindiljaugwa, Anindilyaugwa, Awarikpa, En Indiljaugwa, Endiljaugwa, Enindiljaugwa, Enindilyaugwa, Groote Eylandt, Lamadalpu, Wani Ndiljaugwa, Wanindilyaugwa, Enindhilyagwa, Anindhilyakwa, Eninhdhilyagwa, Wanindilyaugwa Ingura
Comment
Comments: 
Anindilyakwa is a non-Pama Nyungan language spoken on Groote Eylandt and Amakalyuwakba (Bickerton Island) in the Northern Territory (van Egmond, 2012:9). Heath (in van Egmond, 2012:3) says that Anindilyakwa (N151), Nunggubuyu N128 and Ngandi N90 share a common ancestor. This is disputed by Evans (in van Egmond, 2012:4) who maintains a conservative position that this language is a 'family-level isolate'. Van Egmond says that Enindhilyakwa (N151) is genetically related to Wubuy N128 and Ngandi N90 and is thus a member of the Gunwiynguan family (2012: 315). Tindale's name 'Ingura' is based on the Wubuy N128 name for this language: Inykurra (Heath, 1982 in van Egmond, 2012:10).
References: 
  • Anindilyakwa Land Council. http://anindilyakwa.com.au/culture/anthropology
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • van Egmond, Marie-Elaine, 2012. Enindhilyakwa phonology, morphosyntax and genetic position. MS 4966.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 
NT Groote Eylandt and Amakalyuwakba (Bickerton Island) in the Northern Territory (van Egmond, 2012:9)
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Velma Leeding, Judith Stokes, Julie Waddy, Angurugu Community Research and Resource Centre (bible translation work)
Indigenous organisations: 
Groote Eylandt Language Centre - http://www.anindilyakwa.org.au/our-language/
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates
1984Senate1000
1990Schmidt1000+
1996Census1224
2001Census1310
2004NILS1500-2000
2005Estimate1500
2006Census1283
2011Census1485
2016Census1484

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Text Collection Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Leeding, Velma. 1989. Anindilyakwa phonology and morphology, University of Sydney: PhD.

Dictionary: 
Groote Eylandt Linguistics. 1993. Eningerribirra-langwa jurra Angurugu. N.T.:Groote Eylandt Linguistics.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Gunwingguan Enindhilyagwa Anindilyakwa
Dixon (2002) ARNHEM LAND GROUP Far east Arnhem Land group Aninhdhilyagwa (or Yingguru) Aninhdhilyagwa (or Yingguru) Leeding(1989)
Wurm (1994) Enindhiyagwa Enindhilyagwa
Walsh (1981) Enindhilyagwan Enindhilyagwa (Anindilyagwa)
Oates (1975) Andilyaugwan Andiljaugwa
Wurm (1972) Andilyaugwan Andilyaugwa
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Groote Eylandtan Groote Eylandt