N151: Anindilyakwa

AIATSIS Code: 
N151
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Anindilyakwa

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Anindilyakwa language
ABS Name
Anindilyakwa
Horton Name
Warnindilyakwa
Ethnologue name
Anindilyakwa
ISO 639-3 code
aoi
Tindale name
Ingura
Thesaurus heading
Anindilyakwa / Enindhilyagwa / Warnindilyakwa language (N151) (NT SD53-12)
Tindale (1974)
Wanindilyaugwa, Andiljaugwa (a horde name), Andiljaukwa, Andilyaugwa, Wani-Ndiljaugwa (horde or clan name), En Indiljaugwa (language name based on horde name), Andilagwa, Lamadalpu (of natives of Trial Bay), Awarikpa (a horde name), Amakurupa (horde name based on a place name).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Andilyaugwa, Ingura
Glottocode
anin1240
Other sources
Anindilyakwa, Anindilyaugwa, Andilyaugwa, Andiljaugwa, Anindhilyakwa, Enindhilyagwa, Eninhdhilyagwa, Enindiljaugwa, Wanindilyaugwa Ingura [Top End Handbook]
Synonyms
Aninhdhilyagwa
Yingguru
Warnindilyakwa
Enindilyakwa
Ingura
Amakurupa
Andilagwa
Andiljaugwa
Andiljaukwa
Andilyaugwa
Anindiljaugwa
Anindilyaugwa
Awarikpa
En Indiljaugwa
Endiljaugwa
Enindiljaugwa
Enindilyaugwa
Groote Eylandt
Lamadalpu
Wani Ndiljaugwa
Wanindilyaugwa
Enindhilyagwa
Anindhilyakwa
Eninhdhilyagwa
Wanindilyaugwa Ingura
Comment
Language comment
Anindilyakwa is a non-Pama Nyungan language spoken on Groote Eylandt and Amakalyuwakba (Bickerton Island) in the Northern Territory (van Egmond, 2012:9). Heath (in van Egmond, 2012:3) says that Anindilyakwa (N151), Nunggubuyu N128 and Ngandi N90 share a common ancestor. This is disputed by Evans (in van Egmond, 2012:4) who maintains a conservative position that this language is a 'family-level isolate'. Van Egmond says that Enindhilyakwa (N151) is genetically related to Wubuy N128 and Ngandi N90 and is thus a member of the Gunwiynguan family (2012: 315). Tindale's name 'Ingura' is based on the Wubuy N128 name for this language: Inykurra (Heath, 1982 in van Egmond, 2012:10).
References

Anindilyakwa Land Council. http://anindilyakwa.com.au/culture/anthropology
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
van Egmond, Marie-Elaine, 2012. Enindhilyakwa phonology, morphosyntax and genetic position. MS 4966.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
NT Groote Eylandt and Amakalyuwakba (Bickerton Island) in the Northern Territory (van Egmond, 2012:9)
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
<300 1000 1000+ 1224 1310 1500-2000 1500 1283
Speaker NILS table
3 3 3 3
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
15
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Text Collection Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Leeding, Velma. 1989. Anindilyakwa phonology and morphology, University of Sydney: PhD.
Dictionary: 
Groote Eylandt Linguistics. 1993. Eningerribirra-langwa jurra Angurugu. N.T.:Groote Eylandt Linguistics.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Velma Leeding, Judith Stokes, Julie Waddy, Angurugu Community Research and Resource Centre (bible translation work)
Indigenous organisations: 
Groote Eylandt Language Centre – http://www.anindilyakwa.org.au/our-language/
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Gunwingguan Enindhilyagwa   Anindilyakwa  
Dixon (2002)   ARNHEM LAND GROUP Far east Arnhem Land group Aninhdhilyagwa (or Yingguru) Aninhdhilyagwa (or Yingguru) Leeding(1989)
Wurm (1994) Enindhiyagwa     Enindhilyagwa  
Walsh (1981) Enindhilyagwan     Enindhilyagwa (Anindilyagwa)  
Oates (1975) Andilyaugwan     Andiljaugwa  
Wurm (1972) Andilyaugwan     Andilyaugwa  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Groote Eylandtan     Groote Eylandt