N31: Batjamalh

AIATSIS Code: 
N31
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Batjamalh

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Wadyiginy
Ethnologue name
Wadjiginy
ISO 639-3 code
wdj
Tindale name
Wogait
Thesaurus heading
Wadyiginy language (N31) (NT SD52-03)
Tindale (1974)
Amijangal, Ami, Worgait, Worgite, Worgaid, Wa-gait, Wagaidj, Wagite, Waggait, Waggite, Waggote, Waggute, Wagatsch, Wa(o)gatsch, Wogite, Wargad (Murin-bata term), Murinwargad (Murinbata term).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Wogatj, Wagaitj, Worgait, Worgite, Waggait, Waggite, Waggote, Waggate, Wagatsch, Waogatsch
Glottocode
wadj1254
Other sources
Wogait, Wagatsch, Waggait, Wagaitj, Waggate, Waggites, Waggote, Waogatsch, Wargad, Wogadj, Worgaid, Worgaidj, Wogath, Wogaity, Wogite, Worgait, Worgite, and Wogaidj. Wogait is a misnomer for Wadyiginy. Their langauge Wadyiginy, which has another sub-dialect called Batyamal. Wadyiginy has several variant spellings, namely, Wadjigin, Wadjigi:n, Wdadjingi and Wadjingy [Tryon 1974] Patjtjamalh, Batymal, Batjamal, Batyamal, Murrinh Patjtjamalh (a name used by Murrinh-patha speakers), Murrinh Bathemarl, Wadjiginy, Wadyiginy, Wadjigin, Wadjagidj, Wogait, Wogaidj, Wagaitj, Wogadj, Wogatj, Wargite, Waggait, Worgait [Top End Handbook] Wangites (Herbert 1873:50), Waggites (Wildey 1876:115), Wogites (McKillop 1893:254), 'Waggait' (Parkhouse 1895:34), Wogait (Basedow 1907:2), Worgait (Spencer 1912:14) [Ford 1990] Batyamal [Tryon 1974] Waggait, Waggite, Worgite, Waggote [Basedow 1907:2]
Synonyms
Wadjiginj
Wadjiginy
Wadyiginy
Patjtjamal
Wagait
Waggite
Wogait
Batjamal
Batjemal
Bajamala
Batyamal
Batymal
Wadjigin
Wadjingy
Wogatj
Wagaitj
Worgait
Worgite
Waggait
Waggote
Waggate
Wagatsch
Waogatsch
Wadjinginj
Waggites
Wargad
Wogadj
Worgaid
Worgaidj
Wogath
Wogaity
Wogite
Wogaidj
Wogait is a misnomer for Wadyiginy
Their langauge Wadyiginy
which has another sub dialect called Batyamal
Wadyiginy has several variant spellings
namely
Wdadjingi
Amijangal
Ami
Wa gait
Wagaidj
Wagite
Waggute
Murinwargad
Comment
Language comment
Wadjiginy people who worked with Ford call their language Batjamalh; others call both language and people Wadjiginy. Batjamalh is described as an isolate, with borrowings from the neighbouring language Emmi-Menhdhe (see N15 and N6), whose Emmiyangal and Menhdheyangal speakers were affines to the Wadjiginy (Ford, 2016: preface, 1).
References

Ford, Lysbeth Julie. 1990. The phonology and morphology of Bachamal (Wogait), Australian National University: MA. (MS 3410).
Ford, Lysbeth Julie.1997. Batjamalh dictionary and texts. Canberra: Panther Press
Ford, Lysbeth Julie. 1998. A description of the Emmi language of the Northern Territory of Australia, Australian National University: PhD.
Ford, E. 2016. Batjamalh Grammar and Dictionary. Outstanding grammars from Australia. Muenchen: LINCOLM GmbH.
Dixon, R. M. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Baker, Brett. New Top End Handbook (FileMaker database). (ASEDA 0626).

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
... originally located on the shores of Anson Bay...south of the mouth of the Daly River... opposite the Peron Islands, are Wajiginy camp-sites (Ford 1990). According to Batjamalh speakers, Wadjiginy territory was originally located on the shores of Anson Bay. Agnes Lippo and Kitty Moffat confirmed that Banakula and Banagaya, south of the mouth of the Daly River, and Dirrktirrk, Nyikmingguny, Balgal, Kadjaluik, Bananggurini, and Budjut opposite the Peron Islands, are Wadjiginy camp-sites (Ford 1997). In the earliest written reference to the Wadjiginy, dated 1874, surveyors exploring the hinterland of Darwin for the Overland Telegraphy route note that 'the Waggites are located to the westward, about Anson's Bay' (Wildey 1876:115). The 'Wangites' Reserve, proclaimed in 1892, granted the Wadjiginy title to 288 sq. miles between the Finnis and Daly Rivers (South Australian Government Gazette, 1892, cited in NLC 1979:140). Father McKillop of the Uniya Mission knew the 'Wogites' as 'a powerful tribe' with land on the left bank of the Daly (McKillop 1893:254); Parkhouse (1895:634) described them as 'westerly neighbours' of the Larakiya, beyond Shaol Bay. In 1894, Knut Dahl explored the Daly with a 'Wogait' guide. Dahl recalls the 'Wogait' as 'a tribe entirely different from the Valli Valli (Daly) people' and 'Wogait' territory as 'a very extensive coast area, reaching from the mouth of the Daly almost to Pport Darwin' (Dahl 1927:15, 128). Basedow (1907:2) locates the 'Wogait' to the west of the 'Larrekiya', from the Finniss River to Cape Ford. Stanner (1933:387) refers to them as 'a tribe which once lived in the Anson Bay district' (Ford 1997).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
7
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarSmall grammar (100-200 pages)3
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Ford, Lysbeth. 1990. The Phonology and Morphology of Bachamal (Wogait), Australian National University: MA.
Dictionary: 
Ford, Lysbeth. 1997. Batjamalh : dictionary and texts. Bungendore, NSW: Ford.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Arthur Capell, W Hoddinott
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)WadjiginyWadiginy [dialects: Pungupungu (Kuwama, Patjtjamalh, Kandjerramal)]
Dixon (2002)DALY RIVER AREAL GROUPWestern Daly subgroup*Patjtjamalh (=Wadjiginj)Patjtjamalh (=Wadjiginj, Wogait) Ford (1990) further dialect: Kandjerramalh (=PunguPungu)
Wurm (1994)DalyBringen-WagaydyWadiginy
Walsh (1981)DalyBringen-WagaydyWagaydy (Wogaidy)Wadjiginy
Oates (1975)DalyBringen-WagadjWagadjWadjinginj
Wurm (1972)DalyBrinken-WagatyWagatyWadjiginy
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)WogatjanWogait