N65: Kunwinjku

AIATSIS code: 
N65
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kunwinjku

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Name
ABN name
Kunwinjku language
ABS name
Kunwinjku
Horton name
Gunwinggu
Ethnologue name
Gunwinggu
ISO 639-3 code
gup
Tindale name
Gunwinggu
Thesaurus heading language
Kunwinjku language N65
Thesaurus heading (old)
Gunwinggu / Gunwinygu / Kunwinjku language (N65) (NT SD53-02)
Tindale (1974)
Gunwingu, Gunwingo, Wengi, Wengei, Wengej, Gundeidjeme, Gundjeipmi (horde on upper Liverpool River), Kulunglutji, Kulunglutchi, Gundjeibmi, Gundja-jeimi, Gundeijeme, Gundeidjeme, Margulitban (a group within the tribe), Unigangk, Urnigangg, Koorungo, Neinggu (of Maung tribe), Neinngu, Mangaridji, Mangeri.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Gunwingu, Gunwingo, Gunawitji, Witji, Kulunglutji, Kulunglutchi, Koorungo
Glottocode
gunw1252
Other sources
Gunwinggu, Maielli, Majali [Top End Handbook] Kundangyohmi [Garde 2002]
Synonyms
Gunwinjgu, Mayali, Bininj Gun wok, Neinggu, Gunwinggu, Mangeri, Mengerrdji, Menngarr, Gumawurag, Gunawitji, Gundeidjeme, Gundeijeme, Gundjajeimi, Gundjeibmi, Gundjeipmi, Gunei, Gunrerg, Gunwinghu, Gunwingo, Gunwingu, Gunwinngu, Gunwinygu, Gunwunei, Gurmadja madja, Koorunge, Koorungo, Kulunglutchi, Kulunglutji, Kulungutchi, Kuninjku, Mangaridji, Margulitban, Muralidan, Neing gu, Neinggu, Neinngu, Unigangk, Urnigangg, Wengei, Wengej, Wengi, Wunei, Gunwiggu, Witji, Maielli, Majali, Gundja jeimi
Comment
Comments: 
Evans describes Kunwinjku as a dialect of Bininj Gun-Wok N186, a term he introduced to describe the relationships between Kunwinjku and Gun-djeihmi N71, Kune Narayek and Kune Dulerayek N70, Kuninjku N173, Gun-dedjnjenghmi N171 and Manyallaluk Mayali N44 (v:2003). However, other writers use Kunwinjku term as a language name, that is, an equivalent of Bininj Gun-wok, see Dixon 2002. It appears that items described as being on Kunwinjku in MURA includes materials on other dialects of Bininj Gun-Wok N186.
References: 
  • Evans, Nicholas. 2003. Bininj Gun-wok: a pan-dialectal grammar of Mayali, Kunwinjku and Kune: Pacific Linguistics 541. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Dixon, R. M. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 
Approximately twenty miles from the coast at its closest point. from the upper reaches of the Coopers Creek, north of Oenpelli, to the Liverpool River, south-west of Maningrida. Kunbarlanja (formaly Oenpelli) (Evans 2003:13).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Arthur Capell, Peter Carroll, Carolyn Coleman, Nick Evans, Joy Harris, Alice Moyle, Katherine Regional Aboriginal Language Centre, Oenpelli Literature Production Centre, Bible Society
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates900
1984Senate900
1990Schmidt900
1996Census1400
2001Census961
2004NILS47
2005Estimate-
2006Census915
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Text Collection Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Evans, Nicholas. 2003. Bininj Gun-Wok: a pan-dialectal grammar of Mayali, Kunwinjku and Kune: Pacific Linguistics 541, Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Carroll, Peter. 1976. Kunwinjku: a language of Western Arnhem Land, Australian National University: MA.

Dictionary: 
Garde, Murray. Kuninjku (Bininj Kun-wok) slash-coded word list, ASEDA 0799
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Gunwingguan Gunwinggic Gunwinggu Gunwinggu [dialects: Gumadir, Muralidban, Gunei, Gundjeipme, Naiali]
Dixon (2002) ARNHEM LAND GROUP Gunwinjgu-Gunbarlang group Gunwinjgu (or Mayali, or Bininj Gun-wok, or Neinggu) Gunwinjgu (or Mayali, or Bininj Gun-wok, or Neinggu) Oates (1964), Evans (1991, forthcoming) further dialects include: Guninjku, Gundjeihmi, Kune, Gundedjnjenghmi
Wurm (1994) Gunwinyguan Gunwinygic Gunwinygu
Walsh (1981) Gunwinyguan Gunwinygic Gunwinygu (Gunwinggu)
Oates (1975) Gunwingguan Gunwinjgic Bininj Gunwinjgu
Wurm (1972) Gunwingguan Gunwinggic Gunwinggu
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Gunwingguan Gunwinggic Binin Gunwiggu