S23: Latji Latji

AIATSIS code: 
S23
AIATSIS reference name: 
Latji Latji

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
Ladji Ladji
Horton name
Latje Latje
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Latjilatji
Thesaurus heading language
Latji Latji language S23
Thesaurus heading (old)
Ladji Ladji / Latje Latje language (S23) (Vic SI54-11)
Tindale (1974)
Laitchi-Laitehi, (['latji] = [latja] = no), Litchy-Litchy, Sitchy Sitchy (misreading of Litchy Litchy, Leitchi-Leitchi, Laitche, Latjoo-Latjoo, Lutchye-Lutchye, Latyu-latyu, Latyoo-Latyoo, Litchoo-Litchoo, Laitci-laitci, Laci-Laci, Laitu-Laitu, Laitu, Walkandwani (name given by tribes to the west), Baluk-mernen ('people of the sandhills'; name applied by the Wotjobaluk), Boraipar, Banju-bunan, Wortongi (means 'man'), Woortongi.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Laitchi-Laitchi, Litchy-Litchy, Leitch-Leitchi, Latjoo-Latjoo, Lutchye-Lutchye, Latyoo-Latyoo, Litchoo-Litchoo, Laci-Laci, Laitu-Laitu, Laitu
Glottocode
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Other sources
Ledjiledji [Hercus 1986:157] Ladjiladji, Larche Larches's, Lye-tee Lyetee, Sitchy Sitchy, Lutchye-Lutchye, Litchy Litchy, Liootchy Liootchy, Litchy-litchy, Litchoo Litchoo, Laitche-laitche, Laitchi-Laitchi, Lacilaci, Litchi-Litchi, Latjoo Latjoo, Litchoo-Litchoo, Latyu-latyu, Leitche-Leitche, Leitchi Leitchi, Leitchi-leitchi, Litchi-litchi, Lutu Lutu or sometimes Koonella, Lei-chi-leichi, Litchy litchy, Leichi-leichi, Laichi-laichi, Letchi letchi, Kulkyne tribe, Kulkyne language: Laitche laitche (laitche = no), Kalkine language, Kulkine tribe [may be reference to a clan], Kunelquie tribe [may be reference to a clan], Kanelquo [may be reference to a clan], Latchie Latchie, Laitchi Laitchi, Laitu-laitu, Larcher-larcher, Laitchi-laitchi, Kemendok [may be reference to a clan], Latjilatji, Leitchi-Leitchi, Latjoo-Latjoo, Latyoo-Latyoo, Laci-Laci, Laitu-Laitu, Laitu, Ledji ledji, Laitche, Laitci-laitci, Walkandwani (name given by tribes to the west), Baluk-mernen ("people of the sandhills", according to Howitt 1904:55 a name applied by the Wotjobaluk), Boraipar [no = Latto], Boraiper, Banju-bunan, Wortongi, Woortongi, Ledjiledji, according to Hercus 1978:128 the Kulkyne and Bumbang vocabularies in Curr 1887:454,457 are Ledjiledji as well as Kulkyne vocabulary of MacIntyre to Smyth 1878:70, Ladji-ladji [AIAS preferred spelling], Latjelatje [preferred spelling of the local Aboriginal community]. [Clark 1990:402] Letji Letji [Horgen 2004]
Synonyms
Ladji Ladji, Latje Latje, Latjilatji, Baluk mernen, Banju bunan, Boraipar, Laci Laci, Laei Laei, Laitche, Laitchi Laitchi, Laitci laitci, Laitu, Laitu Laitu, Latjee Latjee, Latjoo Latjoo, Latyee Latyee, Latyoo Latyoo, Latyu latyu, Leitch Leitchi, Leitchi Leitchi, Litchee Litchee, Litchoo Litchoo, Litchy Litchy, Lutchye Lutchye, Sitchy Sitchy, Walkandwani, Woortongi, Wortongi, Ledjiledji, Latjalatji, Laitchi Laitehi
Comment
Comments: 
The location of Latji Latji and Jari Jari S24 on the maps in Clark (1996) and Blake and Reid (1998) are reversed. More recent publications (e.g. Clark 2009) position Latji Latji to the east of Jari Jari. The location in AUSTLANG is based on these recent sources. Clark and Ryan (2009:81) give a detailed list of locations for Ladjiladji (S23) as cited in historical sources.
References: 
  • Blake, Barry, and Julie Reid. 1998. Classifying Victorian languages. In Wathawurrung and the Colac language of southern Victoria, ed. B. Blake. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Clark, Ian. 1996. Aboriginal language areas in Victoria: a reconstruction. Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages.
  • Clark, Ian. 2005. Aboriginal language areas in Victoria - a reconstruction: a report to Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages. Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages.
  • Clark, Ian. 2009. Dhudhuroa and Yaithmathang languages and social groups in north-east Victoria - a reconstruction. Aboriginal History 33:201-229.
  • Clark, Ian and Edward Ryan. 2009. Ladjiladji language area: a reconstruction. Australian Aboriginal Studies 1:77-88.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
VIC
NSW
Location information: 
Clark (2005:15) reports that Tindale (1974) got the location of Jari Jari and Latji Latji wrong. Tindale's Jari Jari: Western bank of Murray River from above Chalka Creek to Annuello; south to Lake Korong (Hopetoun) and Pine Plains; northwest to near Redcliffs. the Youngera pastoral run, Bumbang Island (Robinvale), Kulkyne, Yallamjip and Lake Tyrell. The western boundary with Yarijari is unclear, though Chalka Creek, which feeds the Mournpool lakes from the Murray River, is a likely boundary. Although the Ladjiladji eastern boundary is uncertain, we do know that Dadidadi was spoken at Narcooyia Creek, south-east of Robinvale, so this may be an eastern boundary marker of Ladjiladji. Howitt provides the most detailed southern boundary...from Lake Tyrell west to Yallamjip. (Clark & Ryan 2009:87)
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS10
2005Estimate10
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)WEST VICTORIAN AREAL GROUPKulin subgroup*Ladji-LadjiWemba-Wemba Hercus (1986) further dialects: Baraba-Baraba, Madhi-Madhi, Wadi-Wadi, Ladji-Ladji, Nari-Nari, Wergaya, Djadjala, Wutjabulak, Martijali, Buibatyalli, Nundatyalli, Jab-wurrung, Pirt-Koopen-Noot, Jaja-wurrung
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganKulinicKulinLatjilatjiWemba Wemba [dialects: Wemba Wemba, Watiwati, Baraparapa, Wotjobaluk (Wergaia), Warkawarka, Latjilatji, Yariyari, Yaadwa, Yaara, Yugapulk]
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKulinicKulinLadji-Ladji
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganKulinicKulinLatjalatji (Ledjiledji)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganKulinicKulinLatjilatji