S43: Gundungerre / Yaithmathang

AIATSIS code: 
S43
AIATSIS reference name: 
Gundungerre / Yaithmathang

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Jaitmatang
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Jaitmathang
Thesaurus heading language
Gundungerre / Yaithmathang language S43
Thesaurus heading (old)
Jaitmathang / Yadymadhang language (S43) (Vic SJ55-03)
Tindale (1974)
Ya-itma-thang, Muddhang (Mitta Mitta horde), Mudthang, Kandangoramittung (horde on the Omeo plains), Jandangara, Gundanara, Gundanora, Brajerak (name applied by coastal tribes; has a rude meaning), ['karanga] = no, ['juni] = man.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Yaitmathang, Balangamida, Theddoramittung, Tharamirttong, Theddora, Dhudhuroa, Jandangara, Gundanora
Glottocode
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Other sources
Kandangoramittung, Omeo tribe [Gardner 1997:4] The Omeo language (Yaitmathang) [Wafer & Lissarrague 2008:107] Kandangora-mittung [Clarke 2009:211]
Synonyms
Jaitmatang, Djilamatang, Duduroa, Kandangora, Omeo tribe, Theddora, Yaitmathang, Balangamida, Brajerak, Dhudhuroa, Dyinning middhang, Ginning matong, Gundanara, Gundanora, Jadjmadang, Jaithmathang, Jaitmathang, Jandangara, Jeenong metong, Kandangoramittung, Muddhang, Mudthang, Tharamirttong, Tharamittong, Tharomattay, Theddora mittung, Theddoramittung, Ya itma thang, Yaitmatheng, Yadjmadhang, man
Comment
Comments: 
Gundungerre is the term Clark (2005:13-14) uses for the language spoken by Omeo people. He lists Jaithmathan as an equivalent of Gundungerre but comments that Jaithmathan appears to be a clan name (see also Blake and Reid 2002). Clark's description of Gundungerre (2005) suggests that Gundungerre is closely related to Ngarigu S46. Clark (2009) examines the literature on the language make up of the Omeo district of Victoria, sorting through the various analyses of groups and languages and the many name variations. He concludes that there were two languages in the area: Dhudhuroa S44 and Yaithmathang (S43), with Yaithmathang being a dialect of Ngarigu S46. He sets out the five groups associated with Dhudhuroa: Boengar-mittung, Djila-mittung, Ginning-mittung, Tarrer-mittung and Theddora-mittung; and the two groups associated with Yaithmathang: Kandangora-mittung and Yatte-mittung.
References: 
  • Blake, Barry & Julie Reid. 2002. The Dhudhuroa language of northeastern Victoria: a description based on historical sources. Aboriginal History 26:(177)-210.
  • Clark, Ian. 2005. Aboriginal language areas in Victoria - a reconstruction: a report to Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages. Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages.
  • Clark, Ian. 2009. Dhudhuroa and Yaithmathang languages and social groups in north-east Victoria - a reconstruction. Aboriginal History 33:201-229.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
VIC
NSW
Location information: 
Omeo (Clark 2009:201, 219)
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
Check Matthews Notebooks
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganYaithmathangicYadjmadhang
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganYaithmathangicYaithmathang (Yadjmadang)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganYaitmathangicJaitmathang