S59: Dharawal / Tharawal

AIATSIS Code: 
S59
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Dharawal / Tharawal

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Dharawal language
ABS Name
Dharawal
Horton Name
Tharawal
Ethnologue name
Thurawal
ISO 639-3 code
tbh
Tindale name
Tharawal
Thesaurus heading
Dharawal / Tharawal / Dariwal language (S59) (NSW SI56-09)
Tindale (1974)
Darawa:l, Carawal (Pacific islands phonetic system, c = th), Turawal, Thurawal, Thurrawal, Thurrawall, Turu-wal, Turuwul, Turrubul, Turuwull, Ta-ga-ry (['tagara] = north), Five Islands tribe.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Dharawa, Thurrawal, Turuwul, Turrubul, Turuwull
Glottocode
thur1254
Other sources
Tharawal (Tindale 1974), Thurawal (Schmidt 1919a, 1919b), Mackenzie, O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin 1966, Tindale 194), Thurrawal (Mathews MS, 1901a, 1901b, 1903), Thur'rawal (Mathews MS, 1901a, 1901b), Turuwul (Ridley 1875), Turawal (Tindale 1940), Dharawal (Capell 1970, Wurm 1972), DharawaLl (Capell 1956, 1963, 1970), Oates (1970), Darawal (Capell unpublished grammar), Mathews (1964-1967) [Eades 1976] Darawal, Turrawal [Kohen & Steele 2009:224]
Synonyms
Thurawal
Wodiwodi
Dariwal
Gujangal
Guyangal
Dharawa
Thurrawal
Turuwul
Turrubul
Turuwull
Turawal
Dharawal
Darawal
Mathews
Darawa:l
Carawal
Thurrawall
Turu wal
Ta ga ry
Five Islands tribe
Comment
Language comment
References

Attenbrow, Valerie. 2002. Sydney's Aboriginal past: investigating the archaeological and historical records Sydney: UNSW Press.
Besold, Jutta. 2012-13. Language Recovery of the New South Wales South Coast Aboriginal Languages. Australian National University, PhD thesis. (R01524 MAR)
Eades, Diana. 1976. The Dharawal and Dhurga languages of the New South Wales south coast: Australian Aboriginal Studies, Research and Regional Studies 8. Canberra: AIAS.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2010. The Kuringgai puzzle. In Indigenous language and social identity: papers in honour of Michael Walsh, eds B. Baker, I. Mushin, M. Harvey & R. Gardner. Pacific Linguistics 626. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NSW
Location information
... spoken from the southern shores of Botany Bay to the Nowra-Jervis Bay area, and Dhurga from the Nowra-Jervis Bay area to wallaga Lake (Eades 1976:5). ... from south side of Botany Bay,extending south as far as the Shoalhaven River; from the coast to the Gorges River and Appin, and possibly as far west as Camden (Attenbrow 2002:34). ... on the south side of Botany Ban extending down the coast as far as Nowra and Jervis Bay (ALRRC). From south side of Botany Bay and Port Hacking to north of Shoalhaven River. Inland to Campbelltown and Camden (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- - - - - - 4 -
Speaker NILS table
0 0 0 .5
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
7
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Less than 20 pages 1
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Eades, Diana. 1976. The Dharawal and Dhurga languages of the New South Wales south coast. Canberra:AIAS.
Dictionary: 
Eades, Diana. 1976. The Dharawal and Dhurga languages of the New South Wales south coast. Canberra:AIAS.
Programs
Activities: 
Ann Nugent developed curriculum materials for school use in 1980.
People: 
Diana Eades, Janet Mathews, Robert Mathews, Ann Nugent
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Yuin   Thurawal Thurawal [dialects: Wadiwadi (Wodiwodi)]
Dixon (2002)   SOUTHERN NEW SOUTH WALES GROUP New South Wales south coast group Dharawal Dharawal (or Thurrawal, Turuwul) further dialect: Wodi-Wodi
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric   Dharawal  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Yuin Dharawal  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Yuin Dharawal  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Yuin Dharawal  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Yuin Thurawal