S77: Bi:gwurrung

AIATSIS code: 
S77
AIATSIS reference name: 
Bi:gwurrung

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Name
ABN name
Peek Whuurong language
ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Big Wurrung, Port Fairy tribe, Peek whuurong, Peek whurrong (considered a dialect of Kuurn kopan noot by Dixon 1980), Peek whurrong kuurndit, Peek whurong, Peek whunrong, Peekwurru, Peek-wuurong, Peak whurrong or Kelp Lip tribe, Bigwurung, Peek Whorung, Bi:gwurung (with Gurngobanud were closely related dialects of the Dhauurdwuru language (Scarlett 1969:292)), Peekwhuurong (considered a horde of Gunditjmara by Tindale 1974) [Clark 1990:29] Peek woorroong [VACL] Peek whurrong (Pikwurrung) [Blake 2003]
Synonyms
Peek Whurrung, Peek Whurrong, Big Wurrung, Port Fairy tribe, Peek whuurong, Peek whurrong, Peek whurrong kuurndit, Peek whurong, Peek whunrong, Peekwurru, Peek wuurong, Peak whurrong, Kelp Lip tribe, Bigwurung, Peek Whorung, Bi:gwurung, Peekwhuurong
Comment
Comments: 

Clark (1990, 2005) says this is part of a language continuum with Dhauwurdwurrung S20. Blake (2003) treats it as a dialect of the Warrnambool language S20 and Krishna-Pillay (1996) says it is a dialect of the same language as Keerraywoorroong S25.

The Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages includes it under the Gunditjimara South West Aboriginal Language Program 'Earliest reference to dialect name: 1881 (Dawson 1881). Meaning: a descriptive name meaning 'kelp lip' taken from the broad-leafed seaweed found in abundance along the Port Fairy seashore. Clark (1990) lists 12 variants'.

Documentation on Dhauwurd Wurrung S20 may be relevant.

 

References: 
  • Blake, Barry. 2003. The Warrnambool language: a consolidated account of the Aboriginal language of the Warrnambool area of the western district of Victoria based on nineteenth century sources: Pacific Linguistics 544. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Clark, Ian. 1990. Aboriginal languages and clans: an historical atlas of western and central Victoria, 1800-1900: Monash Publications in Geography, 37. Melbourne: Department of Geographical and Environmental Science, Monash University.
  • Clark, Ian. 2005. Aboriginal language areas in Victoria - a reconstruction: a report to Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages. Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages.
  • Dixon, R. M. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Krishna-Pillay, Sharnthi. 1996. Dictionary of Keerraywoorroong and related dialects. Warrnambool, Vic.: Gunditjmara Aboriginal Cooperative, 1996. (L G382.003/1)
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
VIC
Location information: 

Port Fairy (Blake 2003:9)

Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
South West Aboriginal Languages Committee
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)   WEST VICTORIAN AREAL GROUP Bungandik/Kuurn-Kopan-Noot subgroup* Peek-Whurrung Kuurn-Kopan-Noot (Gournditch-Mara, Gu:nditj-mara) further dialects: Peek-Whurrung, Koort-Kirrup(?), Dhautgart (wurru), Tjarcote
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Kulinic Bungandidj Peek Whurrong Kuurn Kopan Noot [dialects: Kuurn Kopan Noot, Kii Wuurong, Kirrae Wuurong, Chaap Wuurong, Peek Whurrong]
Oates (1975)          
Wurm (1972)          
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)