S8: Yaraldi

 How to use this field
AIATSIS Code: 
S8
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Yaraldi

tab group

Name
ABN Name
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ABS Name
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Horton Name
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Ethnologue name
Narrinyeri (Yaralde)
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Jarildekald
Thesaurus heading language
Yaraldi language S8
Thesaurus heading (old)
Yaraldi / Yaralde language (S8) (SA SI54-13)
Tindale (1974)
Jaralde (valid alternative; short form), Jarildikald, Yarilde, Yaralde, Yarrildie, Jaraldi, Yarildewallin (Jaralde speech), Yalawarre, Lakalinyeri (horde at Point McLeay), Warawalde (a northern horde at Nalpa), 'Piccanini Murray people.'
O'Grady et al (1966)
Jaralde, Yarilde, Yaralde, Yarrildie, Narrinyeri
Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Yaralde
Yaralde Tingar
Narrinyeri
Jaralde
Jaraldi
Jarildekald
Jarildi
Jarildikald
Lakalinyeri
Narrinyerree
Narrinjeri
Narrinyerrie
Pitta
Pitta pitta
Warawalde
Yalawarre
Yarilde
Yarildewallin
Yarrildie
Piccanini Murray people
Comment
Language comment
References

Horgen, Michael. 2004. The languages of the Lower-Murray, Department of Linguistics, Latrobe University: MA. (MS 4456 CD).
McDonald, Maryalyce. 2002. A study of the phonetics and phonology of Yaraldi and associated dialects. München: Lincom Europa.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
SA
Location information
East side of Lake Alexandrina and Murray River from Loveday Bay to Mobilong; on Narrung peninsula; east to Meningie and Cookes Plains (more than fifteen hordes) (Tindale 1974). Based on these sources and others, Dixon (1993:3) places Yaraldi along the “coast from the eastern edge of Backstairs Passage (opposite Kangaroo Island) almost to the present town of Kingston S E. [on the coast]” and “inland, it probably extended to Bordertown.” It extended west up to the Mount Lofty range and north along the Murray River “almost as far as Murray Bridge...” Their territory also “included Lake Albert and Lake Alexandrina…” (Horgen 2004: 28) (This description of the location of Yaraldi covers as the locations of other dialects of Ngarrindjeri [S69].)
Maps
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Catalogue
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Rongald Berndt, Catherine Berndt, Catherine Ellis, George Taplin. Michael Horgen, Marylyce McDonald
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
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Speaker NILS table
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
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NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
9
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Less than 20 pages 1
Grammar Small grammar (100-200 pages) 3
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
McDonald , Maryalyce. 2002. A study of the phonetics and phonology of Yaraldi and associated dialects. Munich: Lincom Europe. Cerin, Mark. 1994. The pronominal system of Yaraldi, University of Melbourne: BA (Hons).
Dictionary: 
Taplin, George 1860. Yaralde vocabulary. [included in McDonald 2002]
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Ngarinyeric-Yithayithic   Narrinyeri (Yaralde)  
Dixon (2002)   LOWER MURRAY AREAL GROUP   Yaralde (or Yaralde Tingar or Narrinyeri) Yaralde (or Yaralde Tingar; or Ngarrindjeri or Narrinyeri) Meyer (1843), Cerin (1994) further dialects include: Tangane, Ramindjeri
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Ngarinyeric-Yithayithic   Yaraldi Ngarinyeri (Narrinyeri) [dialects: Warki, Tanganalun, Meinta:ngk, Raminyeri, Portawulun, Yaraldi]
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Narrinyeric Korni Yaralde  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Narrinyeric Korni Yaralde (Narrinyeri)  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Narrinyeric Korni Jarildekald