S9: Ngarkat

AIATSIS code: 
S9
AIATSIS reference name: 
Ngarkat

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Ngargad
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Ngarkat
Thesaurus heading language
Ngarkat language S9
Thesaurus heading (old)
Ngarkat / Ngargad language (S9) (SA SI54-14)
Tindale (1974)
Ngerget, Ngarkato, Ngeruketi (Maraura term), Arkatko, Merkani (Jaralde and Tangane term, means 'enemy'), Merkanie, Ratarapa (Nganguruku term), Mangkarupi (Jarildekalde term), Boraipar (language name), Baripung (['barip] = man), Boripar, Booripung (MS), Tatiari (regional name for mallee desert), Thatiari (general term used by Tanganekald, sometimes included the Potaruwutj), Duwinbarap (eastern term ['barap] == man), Doenbauraket, Tjakulprap (southeastern term ['parap] = ['barab] = man), Jakalbarap, Jackalbarap, Jacke-gilbrab, Jakel-baluk (Wotjobaluk term), Ngalundji (a name for language), Nalunghee, Wularuki (name for southwestern group), Baine Hill tribe (horde around Lameroo).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Merkani, Merkanie, Mangkarupi, Buripung, Booripung, Boripar, Duwinbarap, Doenbauraket, Tjakulprap, Jakalbarap, Jackalbarap, Jackegilbrab, Jakelbaluk, Ngeruketi, Wragarite
Glottocode
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Other sources
N'Gerget, Ngarket, Ngarkato, Ngarkat, Ngerget, Ngeruketi (according to Tindale a Maraura term), Arakatko tribe (Boraipar language), Darkat, Merkanie or Tatiara blacks, Merkani or Tatiaria blacks ('merkanie' considered by Tindale 1974 to be a Jaralde & Tangane term, meaning 'enemy'), Ratarapa (acc.to Tindale a Nganguruku term), Mangkarupi (acc to Tindale a Jarildekalde term), Boraipar (considered a language name by Tindale 1974), Baripung (barip = man), Boripar, Booripung, Tatiari (regional name for mallee desert), Thatiari (acc.to Tindale a gerneral term used by Tanganekald, which sometimes included the Potaruwutj), Jacke-gilbrab, Jackegilbrab (considered a Ngarkat var. by Tindale 1974, but the western-most group of the Wotjobaluk by Kimber 1969), Ngalundji (a name for language), Nalunghee (language name considered a Ngarkat variant by Tindale 1974), Tatiara tribe spoke the Nalunghee language according to Mathews 1898, Ngargad [Clark 1990:413]
Synonyms
Ngargad, Ngarkut, Arkatko, Baine Hill tribe, Baripung, Beeripung, Beripar, Booripung, Boraipar, Boripar, Buripung, Deenbauraket, Doen baurarket, Doenbauraket, Duwinbarad, Duwinbarap, Duwinbaray, Jackalbarap, Jacke gilbrab, Jackegilbrab, Jakalbarap, Jakel baluk, Jakelbaluk, Mangkarupi, Merkani, Merkanie, Nalunghee, Ngalundji, Ngarkato, Ngerget, Ngerukati, Ngeruketi, Ratarapa, Tatiari, Thatiari, Tjakulprap, Wragarite, Wularuki, Ngargat, NGerget, Ngarket, Arakatko tribe, Darkat, Tatiara blacks, Tatiaria blacks, Tatiara tribe spoke the Nalunghee language according to Mathews 1898
Comment
Comments: 
According to Clark (1990:413), Dixon's position is that no vocabularies can be attributed to Ngargad (S9). Dixon treats Ngarrket (S9) as another name for Yuyu S19. Horgen (2004:20, 30), on the other hand, says Ngarkat appears to belong to the Kulin languages because a map by Blake (2003, Map 1) places Ngarrkat in the Kulin languages area. See also the comment for Yuyu S19.
References: 
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Clark, Ian. 1990. Aboriginal languages and clans: an historical atlas of western and central Victoria, 1800-1900: Monash Publications in Geography, 37. Melbourne: Department of Geographical and Environmental Science, Monash University.
  • Horgen, Michael. 2004. The languages of the Lower-Murray, Department of Linguistics, Latrobe University: MA. (MS 4456 CD).
  • Blake, Barry. 2003. The Bunganditj (Buwandik) language of the Mount Gambier Region: Pacific Linguistics 549. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Status: 
Potential no data
Location
State / Territory: 
SA
Location information: 
Mallee scrub belt east of Murray River; Alawoona south to Pinnaroo, Taunta, Keith, Tintinara, and Coonal-pyn; east to Tatiara and about Murrayville, Vic (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganNgarinyeric-YithayithicNgarkatYuyu [dialects: Ngawait, Erawirung, Ngintait, Ngarkat]
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKulinicKulinNgargat
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganNarrinyericKorniNgarkat
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganKulinicKulinNgarkat