W19: Yingkarta

AIATSIS Code: 
W19
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Yingkarta

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Other Australian Indigenous Languages, nec (Ingada)
Horton Name
Yinggarda
Ethnologue name
Yinggarda
ISO 639-3 code
yia
Tindale name
Inggarda
Thesaurus heading
Yinggarda language (W19) (WA SF50-13)
Tindale (1974)
Ingarda, Inggadi, Angaardi, Angaardie, Ingada, Ingara, Ingarra, Ingarrah, Ingra, Ingadi, Inparra ('p' is probably misprint for 'g'), Kakarakala (general term incorporating the word Kakarula meaning 'east' at Shark Bay; name applied to several tribes on Gascoyne River), Kurudandi (eastern hordes), Jaburu ('northerners,' name used by a southern Wadjari man).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Jinggarda, Ingara, Ingarrah, Inparra, Kakarakala
Glottocode
ying1247
Other sources
Yingkarta [Alpher 2006.p.c.] Ingarda (Connelly 1932 and Radcliffe-Brown 1912), Ingarda (von Brandenstein 1967), Ingada, (Fink 1960), Yinggarda (Klokeid 1969), Inggarda dn Jinggarda (O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegein 1966) [Dench 1998]
Synonyms
Other Australian Indigenous Languages
Ingada
Yinggarda
Angardie
Ingara
Inparra
Jinggarda
Mandi
Manthi
Tedei
Thirrily
Angaardi
Angaardie
Ingadi
Ingarda
Ingarra
Ingarrah
Inggadi
Inggarda
Ingra
Jaburu
Kakarakala
Kurudandi
YinggardaAngardie
Comment
Language comment
References

Austin, Peter. 1988. Aboriginal languages of the Gascoyne-Ashburton region. La Trobe Working Papers in Linguistics, no. 1, pp. [43]-63. (S 40/26, nos 1-3)
Austin, Peter. 1992. A dictionary of Yinggarda, Western Australia. Bundoora: La Trobe University, Department of Linguistics.
Dench, A.C. 1985. A grammar of Yingkarta (draft ts).
Dench, Alan. 1998. Yingkarta: Languages of the world/Materials, LM-137. München: Lincom Europa. (B D391.50/Y1)
O’Grady, G.N., C.F. Voegelin & F.M. Voegelin. 1966. Languages of the world: Indo-Pacific fascicle six. Anthropological Linguistics 8(2).
Radcliffe-Brown, A.R. 1913. The distribution of native tribes in part of Western Australia. Science of Man, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 34-35. (S 57/63)
Sutton, Peter. 1995. Country: Aboriginal boundaries and land ownership in Australia. Canberra: Aboriginal History Inc.
Thieberger, Nicholas. 1993. Handbook of Western Australian Aboriginal languages south of the Kimberley region: Pacific Linguistics C-124. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
WA
Location information
Dench (1979) and O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) say the language has a northern and southern dialect. Austin names the dialects as Manthi and Thirrily. Tindale locates Mandi (Manthi) at Carnarvon, on the lower Gascoyne River from Doorawarrah to the sea, south to near Grey Point, north only to the southern part of Boolathanna. Tindale locates Tedei (Thirrily) at the eastern coast of Shark Bay and valley of the Wooramal River from the coast north of Yarringa, north only to Pimbie, Carey Downs, and the south of Towrana (WA Handbook). the Yingkarta (Inggarda) territory is far too large and extends east of where it should be - the limit was Gascoyne Junction and the Lyons River (Austin in Sutton 1995:97). The territory occupied by the Yingakarta people extended from the coast at the northern end of Shark Bay between the Gascoyne and Wooramel rivers, along the rivers inland to Red Hill and Gascoyne Junction (Dench 1998:5).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
6
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarSketch grammar (less than 100 pages)2
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Dench, Alan. 1998 Yingkarta. München: Loncom Europa.
Dictionary: 
Austin, Peter. 1992. A dictionary of Yinggarda, Western Australia. Bundoora, VIC: La Trobe University.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Peter Austin, Alan Dench, Geoffrey O'Grady,Irra Wangga - Geraldton Language Programme (formally Yamaji Language Centre)
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestYinggardaYinggardaYinggarda [dialects: Related to Malgana which is extinct, Nhanda which is nearly extinct (handful of speakers, Blevins 1995), and Bulinya which may be extinct.]
Dixon (2002)MOORE RIVER TO GASCOYNE RIVER GROUPYingkartaYingkarta Dench (1998) possible further dialect: Maya
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestYinggarda
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestKarduYinggarda
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganPilbara-Nyungar (Southwest)KarduInggarda
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)KarduInggarda
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestKarduInggarda