Y101: Uw Oykangand

AIATSIS code: 
Y101
AIATSIS reference name: 
Uw Oykangand

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Name
ABN name
Oykangand language
ABS name
-
Horton name
Kunjen (Oykangand)
Ethnologue name
Kunjen [Oykangand]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Kwantari (Oikand)
Thesaurus heading language
Uw Oykangand language Y101
Thesaurus heading (old)
Oykangand language (Y101) (Qld SE54-03)
Tindale (1974)
Kuantari, Kundara, Gundara, Goondarra, Wangara (see comment above), Wanggara, Kokowanggara, Kokawan-gar, Kokatabul, Kokodaue, Koko-daua, Oikand.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Uw-Oykangand (Uw-Oykangand name for themselves), Koltvwonhm (Yir Yoront name for Oykangand), Kok-Yan (Koko Bera name for Oykangand) [Alpher 2006 p.c.] Koko Wangar (1910), Koka Wangar (Parry-Okeden 1897), Koko Wanggara, Oikand (Sharp 1939) [Sommer 2006:6-7]
Synonyms
Uw Oykangand, Oykangand, Koko Wangkara, Kunjen, Kuantari, Kundara, Gundara, Goondarra, Wangara, Wanggara, Kokowanggara, Kokawan gar, Kokatabul, Kokodaue, Koko daua, Oikand
Comment
Comments: 
Uw Oykangand means 'language of the people from the lagoons' (Luke, 2011: 8). Kunjen is an anglicised corruption of the language name Ogh Unjen Y206, but in modern times the term is used by their northern neighbours Oykangand to refer to themselves and their language. The terms 'Wangar' and 'Wanggara' used in historical sources (Sharpe, Parry-Okedon, Roth) to identify Oykangand is a corruption of the Oykangand phrase uw angkar 'mouth ache' (Sommer, 2006: 6-7).
References: 
  • Luke, Alma. 2011. Uw Oykangand Oy berr: traditional bush medicine from the Kunjen of Kowanyama. Thuringowa, Qld: Black Ink Press
  • Sommer, Bruce. 2006. Speaking Kunjen: an ethnography of Oykangand kinship and communication, the Cape York region of northern Queensland, Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
... the lower reaches of the Mitchell River and its surrounds down to a little below the limit of salt water at the junction of the Alice River. Eastwards, they occupied the River up to about Dunbar Station. This is close to where Roth (1910, map) placed them as the 'Koko Wangar'; Parry-Okeden's 1897 Report has 'Koka Wangar' (Sommer 2006:6).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Barry Alpher, Bruce Sommer
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oatesexist
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt50
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate5
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Small grammar (100-200 pages) 3
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Sommer, Bruce. 1972. Kunjen syntax: A generative view. Canberra: AIAS.

Dictionary: 
Sommer, Bruce. 1973. An Oykangand dictionary, ms. (Archived webpage) Uw Olkola and Uw Oykangand Alphabetical Search Index (dictionary): http://pandora.nla.gov.au/pan/13779/20020506-0000/www.geocities.com/Athens/Delphi/2970/olkola.htm
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Paman Central Pama Kunjen [Oykangand] Kunjen [dialects: Ulkulu, Oykangand (Olgol, Olgolo, Olgel, Ogondyan).]
Dixon (2002) WESTERN CAPE YORK PENINSULA AREAL GROUP Upper southwest Pama group Oykangand, Koko-Wangkara Oykangand Sommer (1969, 1972) further dialects: Olgol(o), and possibly Koko-Wangkara
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Central Pama Oykangand
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Central Pama Oykangand
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)