Y71: Gugu Rarmul

AIATSIS code: 
Y71
AIATSIS reference name: 
Gugu Rarmul

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Kokojawa (AkuRarmul)
Thesaurus heading language
Gugu Rarmul Y71
Thesaurus heading (old)
Gugu Rarmul / Rarmul language (Y71) (Qld SD54-16)
Tindale (1974)
Djauan (valid alternative), Kokorarmul, Jouon, AkuRarmul, Bindaga (general term applied to this and several other tribes in the area south of Princess Charlotte Bay).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Aghairu, Aku-Rarmal, Almook, Almura, Alwangara, Fulgola, Gujudi, Hrahmul, Mara-rarmul, Me-Aghairu, Radman, Ralman, Walwangai [Oates & Oates 1970:208]
Synonyms
Koko Rarmul, Aburarm, Aghairu, Aku, Aku Rarmal, Almook, Almura, Alwangara, Anggul, Beengeewarra, Bindaga, Bindjiwara, Djauan, Fulgola, Gugu Almura, Gujudi, Hrahmul, Jawa, Jouon, Koko negodi, Kokojawa, Kokonjekodi, Kokorarmul Kokorarmul, Kokoyawa, Mara Rarmul, Me Aghairu, Milli, Ok Anggul, Radman, Ralman, Rarmul, Walwangai, Yoyah, Mara rarmul, Kokorarmul, AkuRarmul
Comment
Comments: 
Roth (1910:94) describes the 'Koko-rarmul' as one of the 'more important Princess Charlotte Bay Tribes' in the Saltwater and Morehead Rivers region. He includes a wordlist of ten words compared with 'Kokowarra' Y80. Oates and Oates (1970:202) record 'Kokorarmul' as an alternate name for 'Jawa' Y74. They record 'Almura' as an alternate name for 'Rarmul (Koko-)' (1970:208). Sutton's early fieldnotes (1970:10-11) record Mitchell McGreen, a speaker of Almura. Sutton reports this language is listed as an alternate name for (Agu-) Rarmu, but Mitchell McGreen has not heard this name. Sutton speculates that Almura is a dialect of 'Gugu Yimidyir' Y82 displaying influence from a language with typical Peninsular loss of initial consonant.
References: 
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Roth, Walter Edmond, 1910. Social and Individual Nomenclature: Bulletin No. 18. In The Queensland Aborigines, Volume 3 Facsimile edition 1984. Carlisle Western Australia: Hesperian Press. pages 79-106.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1970. Preliminary report [to A.I.A.S.] of field survey of north-east Queensland 1970. PMS 1780.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Mid Morehead and Kennedy Rivers (Oates 1975:287).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Bruce Rigsby
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary only)
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)SOUTH-EAST CAPE YORK PENINSULA GROUPThaypan/Mini subgroupKoko-RarmulKuku-Thaypan* possible further dialect: Koko-Rarmul
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganRarmulic PamaAlwangara
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)