A10: Ngurlu

AIATSIS code: 
A10
AIATSIS reference name: 
Ngurlu

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Name
ABN name
ABS name
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Horton name
Wangkathaa (Ngurlu)
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Ngurlu
Thesaurus heading language
Ngurlu language A10
Thesaurus heading (old)
Ngurlu language (A10) (WA SH51-05)
Tindale (1974)
Jata (valid alternative), Jata, Njata, Nata, Ngulutjara, Nguludjara, Kuru (valid variant), Kurutjara.
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Wangkathaa, Maduwongga, Waljen, Wanggaji, Wangkayi, Pindini, Jaa, Jata, Kuru, Kurutjara, Nanu, Nata, Nguludjara, Ngulutjara, Njata
Comment
Comments: 
According to Oates (1975:375), Douglas' meaning of the word ngurlu (i.e. 'fear', 'afraid') suggests this is not a dialect name, though she also notes Capell's (1963) reference to Tindale's comment that 'after 1890 Ngurlu was overwhelmed by the westward movement of Waljen A11 and Nangadadjara A17 tribes'. Based on the information available, Ngurlu is unlikely to be a language name.
References: 
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
Menzies to Malcolm; northwest to Mount Ida; east to Lake Raeside and Yerilla; at Lake Ballard. Their southern boundary lies at the change from their predominantly mulga country to the mallee Eucalypt country of the Maduwongga (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
Not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West Ngurlu
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Wati/Western Desert Ngurlu
Oates (1975) Unclassified Ngurlu
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Western Desert Language Ngurlu
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Wati Ngurlu