A19: Wardal

AIATSIS code: 
A19
AIATSIS reference name: 
Wardal

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
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Horton name
Wawula (Wardal)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Wardal
Thesaurus heading language
Wardal language A19
Thesaurus heading (old)
Wardal language (A19) (WA SG50-15)
Tindale (1974)
Tjitijamba (an indeterminate term sometimes given for this tribe), Tjitjijamba, Waula (means 'northerners' applied by Pini).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Wajari
Glottocode
-
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Wawula, Madoitja, Wirdinja, Wajari, Wardalj, Tjitijamba, Tjitjijamba, Waula
Comment
Comments: 
According to Bates (1913), Wardal means 'north' and refers to a group who speaks Wajarri A39, while Tindale says the basic meaning of Wardal is 'west' or by extension 'westerners'. Thus, it seems Wardal may be a compass term and not refer to a specific language.
References: 
  • Bates, Daisy M. 1913. Aboriginal names of places. Science of Man 14(4):74-76.
  • Brandenstein, Carl G. von. 1967. The language situation in the Pilbara - past and present. In Papers in Australian Linguistics 2, 1-20a, + 27 maps. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
-
Location information: 
West and northwest of Lake Carnegie to Goodwin Soak on the Canning Stock Route, thence west to the Old Bald Hill Station near Beyond Bluff. South to near Lake Nabberu (Tindale 1974)
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (Bates - unclear status)
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganWestern Desert ProperWatiWardalj
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)KarduWardal
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestKarduWardal