A24: Gurduwanga

AIATSIS code: 
A24
AIATSIS reference name: 
Gurduwanga

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Wadjari (Kurduwongga)
Thesaurus heading language
Gurduwanga language A24
Thesaurus heading (old)
Gurduwanga language (A24) (WA SG50-07)
Tindale (1974)
Baialdju (Widi name), Cheangwa (a place name south of the middle Sanford River), Iirrawad-'ari, Irawadjari, Jamadji (general term for aborigines in contrast with white men-not a tribal term), Kurduwonga, Kurduwongga (see above), Maliara (means 'east' and is merely a directional term applied to some hordes in the Sanford River area), Miliara, Miliarra, Pidong (general term of disrespect meaning 'rock hole people' applied to those who depend on precarious water supplies), Wad'arri, Wadgaree, Wadjeri, Waian-wonga, Wajari, Wajeri, Wajjari, Wardal (of the Barimaia means 'west' hence by extension 'westerns'), Yajeri (typographical error for Wajeri), Yamaidyi.
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Kurduwonga, Kurduwongga, Wadjari, Baialdju, Cheangwa, Iirrawad ari, Irawadjari, Jamadji, Maliara, Miliara, Miliarra, Pidong, Wadarri, Wadgaree, Wadjeri, Waian wonga, Wajari, Wajeri, Wajjari, Wardal, Yajeri, Yamaidyi
Comment
Comments: 
In relation to Wadjari A39, Tindale's informants said that the people of Jagarang (Mount Gould) claim to have 'kurduwongga' (true speech). This suggests that Gurduwanga may be another name for Wadjari A39, or perhaps a dialect. Bates (c.1929, PMS 3036), however, refers to Kurduwonga as a people name and distinguishes it from Wadjari A39 (among other names). Thieberger (1993:193), on the other hand, lists Kurdu (-wonga) (A24) as an alternative name for Kartujarra A51.
References: 
  • Bates, Daisy. c.1929. Songs, dances, etc. - Corroborees and songs, Murchison. (pMS 3036)
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Thieberger, Nicholas. 1993. Handbook of Western Australian Aboriginal languages south of the Kimberley region: Pacific Linguistics C-124. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 

According to other informants, the place Jagarang (Mount Gould) was the central place in Wadjari territory. This is a remarkably accurate observation as is shown by the map; and the people of that area claim to have kurduwongga, i.e., 'true speech' (Tindale 1974). Mt. Gould north west of Robinson Range between Gascoyne and Murchison Rivers (Oates 1975:80).

Maps: 
  • Tindale, Norman. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Division of National Mapping, Department of National Development.
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (Bates)
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)          
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981)          
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Pilbara-Nyungar (Southwest) Wadjari Gurduwanga  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Kardu Kurduwongga (Gurduwanga)  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Kardu Kurduwongga