A79: Yinhawangka / Innawonga

AIATSIS code: 
AIATSIS reference name: 
Yinhawangka / Innawonga


Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
ABS name
Horton name
Ethnologue name
Panytyima [Ngarlawangga]
ISO 639-3 code
Tindale name
Tindale (1974)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Other sources
Ngarlawangka [<ozbib>Marmion 1996:3$3687</ozbib>] Ngala-wonga [von Brandenstein] Ngaala Warngga [von Brandenstein PMS 2125] Ngalawangga [<ozbib>von Brandenstein MS 1746$7515</ozbib>] Ngaala-Warngga [Prichard 1974] Ngala [<ozbib>Dixon 2011:37$7367</ozbib>]
Ngarluwangka, Panytyima, Ngalawonga
The Irra Wangga - Geraldton Language Programme researching the relationship between Yinhawangka and Ngarla/Ngarlawangga A48. Oates (1975:76) lists Ninaanu as an alternative name of Inawanga (A79). Therefore, Tindale's Ninanu is listed under Yinhawangka. Jones and Denniss report that, although Yinhawangka has been classified within the Wati subgroup by O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin, the variety of Yinhawangka described in the Wangka Maya 2008 publication is very similar to Banyjima A53 which is part of the Ngayarda subgroup (Wangka Maya PALC 2008:iii). Von Brandenstein (1968:3, PMS 2127) reports an informant as saying that the Ini-war?ga of people living at Onslow was heavily influenced by Pandjima A53. It appears that A48 was originally assigned to Ngalawonga, which later became known as Yinhawangka as it was thought to be an alternative (and preferred) name for the same language. An additional code, A79, was created when it became apparent that the two are likely distinct language varieties, but this was applied to Ngalawonga (now Ngarla). The two codes have now been reversed to reflect the original assignment.
  • Dixon, Sally. 2011. How to read and write Pilbara languages. South Hedland: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2008. Yinhawangka: Yinhawangka dictionary English-Yinhawangka wordlist and topical wordlists 2008. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
State / Territory: 
Location information: 
On Hardey River south of Rocklea; southeast along upper Ashburton River from Turee Creek upstream to Kunderong Range and Angelo River; south only a short distance from the main Ashburton River channel to the north of Mount Vernon Station (Tindale 1974). On Lyons and North Lyons rivers west to near Mount Phillips and to Peedawarra Bluff; east to eastern end of Teano Range; south to about Mount Augustus (Tindale 1974 for Ninanu). ... in the inland Ashburton region on the upper plateau of the Hamersley Ranges. Nowadays traditional country includes low-lying areas from Palm Springs, to Bellary Springs and on to Paraburdoo, including sites near Seven Mile Creek and the Ashburton River. (Wangka Maya PALC 2008:iv). Contemporary location: Onslow, Bellary Springs community, Warrkuthurni community. (Wangka Maya PALC 2008:iv). Tom Price, Ballary Springs, Port Hedland, Woodstock (Dixon 2011:44).
  • Tindale, Norman. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Division of National Mapping, Department of National Development.
  • Marmion, Doug. 1996. A description of the morphology of Wajarri, University of New England: BA (Hons)
Irra Wangga - Geraldton Language Programme (formally Yamaji Language Centre)
Indigenous organisations: 
Year Source Speaker numbers

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
vocabulary and sentences
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan South-West Inland Ngayarda Panytyima [Ngarlawangga] Panytyima [dialects: Related to Yinawongga, Ngarlawangga, Ngarla, Tjurruru, which may be extinct, and Nyamal.]
Dixon (2002) MOORE RIVER TO GASCOYNE RIVER GROUP Watjarri/Parti-maya subgroup* Ngarluwangka Watjarri Douglas (1981), Marmion (1996) further dialects: Birdungu, Nhugarn; and possibly Ngarluwangka (or may be separate language)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West Ngarlawangka
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyunhgan south-West Inland Ngayarda Ngarlawangga
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Western Desert Language Ngalawonga
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Wati Ngalawonga