D61: Southern Paakantyi

AIATSIS code: 
D61
AIATSIS reference name: 
Southern Paakantyi

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
-
Ethnologue name
Darling (Southern Baagandji)
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Barkinji, Barkinjee, Barkunjee, Bahkunji, Pakindji, Pa:kindzi, Bakandji, Bahkunjy, Barkinghi, Parkungi, Par-kengee, Parkingee, Bakanji, Bakandi, Bargunji, Bagundji, Bagandji, Bpaa'gkon-jee, Kurnu, Kkengee, Parkingee, Bakanji, Bakandi, Bargunji, Bagundji, Bagandji, Bpaa'gkon-jee, Kurnu, Kurnu, Kornoo (name applied to language of several Darling River tribes; see also Kula), Kaiela (name given by Kureinji-means
Tindale (1974)
Barkindji
O'Grady et al (1966)
Barkindji, Barkinji, Barkungee, Bahkunji, Bahkunjy, Parkungi, Parkengee, Bakanji, Bakandi, Bargunji
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Synonyms
Paakantyi, Baagandji, Darling, Southern Baagandji, Bagundji, Barkindji, Barkinji, Barkungee, Bahkunji, Bahkunjy, Parkungi, Parkengee, Bakanji, Bakandi, Bargunji, Southern Bagundji, Barkinjee, Barkunjee, Pakindji, Pa:kindzi, Bakandji, Barkinghi, Par kengee, Parkingee, Bagandji, Bpaagkon jee, Kurnu, Kkengee, Kornoo, Kaiela
Comment
Comments: 

Following Hercus, Wafer and Lissarrague divide the Darling River language into two groups: Northern Darling River or Paakantyi (D12), Paaruntyi D47, Kurnu D25, Nhaawuparlku (Nhaawarlku) D19 and Milpulo D59.

Southern Darling River includes Southern Paakantyi (D61), Wilyaali (~Wilyakali) D16, Thaangkali (~Thangkakali) D14, Pulaali (Pulakali) D11, Wanyuparlku (~Wanyiwalku) D21, Pantyikali D17, Marrawarra D6, Parrintyi D48

The term 'paaka' is defined as 'river, the Darling River in particular'; the suffix '-ntyi' means 'beonging to, originating from' (Hercus 1982 in Wafer & Lissarrague, 2008:263, 266).  

Note that Hercus's Paakantyi grammar and dictionary is mainly on Southern Paakantyi (D61).

 

References: 
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1993. Paakantyi dictionary. Canberra: the author.
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1994. Paakantyi. In N. Thieberger & W. McGregor (eds), Macquarie Aboriginal words: a dictionary of words from Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages. North Ryde: Macquarie Library.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Wafer, Jim and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 

... on the Darling River from Wilcannia to Avoca (Hercus 1993:12). Darling River from Wilcannia downstream nearly to Avoca and extending 20 to 30 miles (30 to 50 km.) on each side of the river (Tindale 1974).

 

Maps: 
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Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Luise Hercus
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection None 0
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 

Hercus, Luise. 1982. The Bagandji language: Pacific Linguistics B6.7 Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Dictionary: 

Hercus, Luise. 1993. Paakantyi dictionary. Canberra: Luise Hercus.

Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Baagandji   Darling (Southern Baagandji) Darling [dialects: Kula, Wiljakali (Wilyagali), Bagundji (Baagandji, Bagandji). Bagundji dialect is widely understood by others (1970 Oates).]
Dixon (2002)       Baagandji Baagandji Hercus (1982) further dialects: Gurnu (Guula), Naualko, Baarrundji, Wiljaali, Dhanggaali, Bulaali, Wanjubarlgu, Bandjigali, Barrindji, Marrawarra (Marawara, Maraura)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Baagandji   Southern Baagandji  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Baagandji   Southern Baagandji  
Oates (1975)       Southern Bagundji  
Wurm (1972)       Bagundji  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)       Bagundji