E22: Ngoera

AIATSIS code: 
E22
AIATSIS reference name: 
Ngoera

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
Wakawaka [Gayabara]
ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Dalla (Ngoera), Kaiabara
Thesaurus heading language
Ngoera language E22
Thesaurus heading (old)
Nguwera language (E22) (Qld SG56-10)
Tindale (1974)
Dalambara, Dallanbarah, Ngoera for Dalla. Kaia := Cooyar Range and Mount, Kaibara (typographical error), Koiabara, Cooyarbara, Kaiyabora, Kia-bara, Bujibara (buji = carpetsnake), Bujiebara, Booy-ieburra, Buijibara, Bujibada for Kaiabara.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Njalbo, Kaiabara
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Synonyms
Wakawaka, Kaiabara, Njalbo, Dalla, Gayabara, Dalambara, Dallanbarah, Ngoera for Dalla, Kaia, Cooyar Range, Mount, Kaibara, Koiabara, Cooyarbara, Kaiyabora, Kia bara, Bujibara, Bujiebara, Booy ieburra, Buijibara, Bujibada for Kaiabara
Comment
Comments: 
Oates lists Howitt's Kiabara as an alternative name of Ngoera (E22). Capell (1963) says that a word list by Landsborough in Curr (1887. Vol. 3: 210-211) is vocabulary of Nguwera but Oates (1975:407) is unsure of this. It is in fact not clear whether Nguwera is a separate language - Tindale (1974) lists Ngoera (E22) as an alternative name for Dalla E25 while Koch (2007 p.c.) says Gayabara (E22) is simply the name of a local group of speakers of Kabi.
References: 
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Headwaters of Brisbane River, Nanango, Durundur, Toogoolawah, Haden, Bunya Mts. area (Oates & Oates 1970:155). Dalla: Esk to Nanango; east to Nambour, Palmwoods, Durundur, southeast to mountains near Brisbane; on the upper Brisbane River and the headwaters of the Mary River (Tindale 1974). Headwaters of Brisbane River; at Nanango; east to Durundur (ten miles east of Kilcoy); South probably to south of Toogoolawah; west to Haden and Bell; on Bunya Mountains (Capell 1963 E.55).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates0
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganWaka-KabicMiyanWakawaka [Gayabara]Wakawaka [dialects: Duungidjawu, Wagawaga. Related to Wuliwuli, Barunggam, Gayabara, Muringam, which may be extinct.]
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganWaka-KabicGayabara
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganWaka-KabicMiyanGayabara
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganWaka-KabicMiyanNgoera
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganWaka-KabicMiyanNgoera
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganWaka-KabicMiyanNgoera