E59: Ngaro

AIATSIS code: 
E59
AIATSIS reference name: 
Ngaro

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Giya (Ngaro/Ngaru)
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Ngaro
Thesaurus heading language
Ngaro language E59
Thesaurus heading (old)
Ngaru language (E59) (Qld SF55-04)
Tindale (1974)
Ngalangi, Googaburra (a horde name), 'Island' tribe.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
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Synonyms
Giya, Ngaro/Ngaru, Gia, Ngaru, Googaburra, Ngalangi, Nguro, Island tribe
Comment
Comments: 
A wordlist by Tindale (1938, in Breen, 2009:246) is the only source for this language. The word list by Bridgeman and Bucas in Curr (1887 Vol.3 pp. 44-51), which Tindale reported as Ngaro (1974:182) is Wiri E57 according to Breen (2009:227). The references in Oates (1975:234) are from linguistic surveys, the earliest is Capell who reports 'Information reported by Tindale but nothing recorded' (1963).
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 2009. The Biri dialects and their neighbours. In Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. 133(2):219-256.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Whitsunday Island; ranging over Cumberland Islands; also to mainland at Cape Conway and on mountains east of Proserpine (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)GREATER MARIC GROUPProserpine groupNgaroNgaro
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMaricMariNgaro
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariNguro
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariNguro