E61: Bindal

AIATSIS code: 
E61
AIATSIS reference name: 
Bindal

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Bindal
Ethnologue name
Nyawaygi [Bindal]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Bindal
Thesaurus heading language
Bindal language E61
Thesaurus heading (old)
Bindal language (E61) (Qld SE55-15)
Tindale (1974)
Bendalgubber (label on specimen of a fishhook in Florence Museum ascribed to Port Denison, i.e., Bowen which is 50 miles [80 km.] southeast in adjoining Juru tribal area), North Murri.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Synonyms
Lower Burdekin, Nyawaygi, Bendalgubber, Bindel, North Murri
Comment
Comments: 
The data for this language are scarce. Breen unpacks the historical confusion around two 'Lower Burdekin' wordlists in Curr (1886, Vol 2: 488-491), interpreted by Terrill as one language 'Bindal' (E61) (1998:86); Breen concludes there are two different languages in these wordlists, both referred to as Bindal, and that neither language is a Mari dialect (2009:245).
References: 
  • Breen, G., 2009. The Biri dialects and their neighbours. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 133(2), pp.219-256.
  • Curr, Edward Micklethwaite. 1886-87. The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia, and the routes by which it spread itself over that continent. Melbourne: John Ferres, Government Printer; London: Trübner.
  • Sutton, Peter. 1973. Gugu-Badhun and its neighbours: a linguistic salvage study, Macquarie University: MA. (MS 694).
  • Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri: Languages of the world 258. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Terrill cites Tindale (Terrill 1998:86). From mouth of Burdekin River north to Cape Cleveland; inland to Leichhardt Range; at Ayr (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates0
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganDyirbalicNyawaygi [Bindal]Nyawaygi [dialects: Related to Wulguru, Bindal, and Yuru, which may be extinct.]
Dixon (2002)LOWER BURDEKIN GROUPLower BurdekinGorton, 'Lower Burdekin', in Curr (1886, Vol 2 pp 490-1), Cunningham, 'Lower Burdekin', in Curr (1886, Vol 2 pp 488-9)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganNyawaygicBindal
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganNyawaygicBindal
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganNjawigicBindal
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariBindal
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariBindal