L29: Kunandaburi

AIATSIS code: 
L29
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kunandaburi

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Wangkumara (Karendala)
Ethnologue name
Ngura [Garandala]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Karendala
Thesaurus heading language
Kunandaburi language L29
Thesaurus heading (old)
Garendala language (L29) (Qld SG54-12)
Tindale (1974)
? Kurnanda-buri, Kunanda-buri.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Kurnandaburi, Kunandaburi
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Kurnandaburi [Howitt 1904]
Synonyms
Ngura, Karendala, Kurnanda buri, Kunanda buri
Comment
Comments: 
According to Breen (1971), the only linguistic information seems to be a few words in Howitt for 'Kurnandaburi'. Tindale (1974) says 'the Kurnandaburi of Howitt probably is this tribe, but may be the Kungadutji L16'. The name for this language was previously Garendala L29 in this database and the Thesaurus.
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 1971. Aboriginal languages of western Queensland. Linguistic Communications, vol. 5, pp. 1-88. (p BRE)
  • Howitt, A.W. 1885. Australian group relations. [Washington]: [Government Printing Office]. (Rp HOW)
  • Radcliffe-Brown, A.R. 1930-31. Social organization of Australian tribes. Oceania, v.1, no.1; [34]-63; no.2; [206]-246; no.3; [323]-341; 1931; no.4; [426]-456.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1940. Distribution of Australian Aboriginal tribes: a field survey. Transactions of the Royal Society of SA 64:140-231.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
On Cooper Creek at Durham Downs; north to Mount Howitt, east to Plevna Downs, McGregor Range, and to near Eromanga (Tindale 1974)
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganKarnicNguraNgura [Garandala]Ngura [dialects: Punthamara (Bundhamara), Kalali (Galali, Garlali), Wongkumara (Wangkumara, Wangumarra), Badjiri, Bidjara, Dhiraila, Garandala, Mambangura, Mingbari, Ngurawarla, Yarumarra. Walsh list the dialects as separate languages.]
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganKarnicGarandala
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganKarnicNguraGarandala
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKarnicNguraModern Gungadudji
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-NyunganKarnaKarendala
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-NyunganKarnaKarendala