N29: Wuna

AIATSIS code: 
N29
AIATSIS reference name: 
Wuna

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Woolna
Ethnologue name
Wulna
ISO 639-3 code
wux
Tindale name
Djerimanga (Wulna), Beriguruk
Thesaurus heading language
Wuna language N29
Thesaurus heading (old)
Djerimanga / Wulna Wuna language (N29) (NT SD52-04)
Tindale (1974)
Djeramanga, Jermangel, Waak (a valid alternative), Wulna, Woolna (place name), Woolnah, Woolner, Wulnar, Wolna, Woolner for Djerimanga. Perrigurruk, Eri, Erei, ? Rereri, Reveri (perhaps typographical error) for Beriguruk.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
wuln1239
Other sources
Wolna, Woolna, Woolner, Wulna, Wuna, Wulnar, Birrigarak (name used by their southern neighbours, the Warray), Berrigurruk, Berugurruk [Top End Handbook] Woolner, Woolnough [Harvey PMS 5822] Woolna [Parkhouse 1923] Wulna, Woolner [Basedow 1907:2]
Synonyms
Wulna, Woolna, Djerimanga, Beriguruk, Wolna, Woolner, Wulnar, Birrigarak, Berrigurruk, Berugurruk, Djeramanga, Jermangel, Waak, Woolnah, Woolner for Djerimanga, Perrigurruk, Eri, Erei, Rereri, Reveri for Beriguruk, Wunna
Comment
Comments: 
Breen recorded Wuna (N29) language in 1980 and 1981 at Humpty Doo with the late Mr Jack Wandi (MS 1720). Been recorded the language name as Wulna, and as Wuna; a third written form, Wunna, suggests the nasal is geminate (Breen, p.c. November 2018). Jack Wandi also spoke Minitya N42 which was mixed into the Wuna sessions (Harvey, 2001:5). Baker says that this language appears to be related to Limilngan N42, and thus it is tentatively classified in the Limilngan family. Evidence from comparing verbal paradigms, nominal cognates and locative case marking between Wuna and Limilngan N42 indicate a possible relationship, but Harvey is less certain. These correspondences could be the result of inheritance from widespread Proto Australian forms or diffusion (2001:5). It appears there has been some confusion between Wulna (N29) and Wulwulam N32, and it is likely that items on Wulna are described as being on Wulwulam. This language has also been called Djerimanga, but this name was not recognised by Breen's collaborator Jack Wandi in 1980. Djerimanga occurs in Capell (1963) who notes 'Nothing is known beyond a mention by Eylmann, 1908'; it subsequently occurs in Oates and Oates 1970 and Tindale 1974.
References: 
  • Baker, Brett. New Top End Handbook (FileMaker database). (ASEDA 0626).
  • Breen, Gavan. 1980-81. Wulna (Wuna) elicitations; Jack Wandi at Humpty Doo. MS 1720.
  • Harvey, Mark. 2001. A grammar of Limilngan: a language of the Mary river region, Northern Territory: Pacific Linguistics 516. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 
Mouth of Adelaide River and coast east, south to the junction of the Adelaide and Margaret Rivers (Top End) in the lower Adelaide River valley (Harvey PMS 5822). The general association was to the Adelaide River drainage below the junction of the Adelaide and the Margaret. Lake Finniss was associated with Wuna. Cape Hotham and Ruby Island were associated with Wuna. The Vernon Islands were associated with Gulumoerrgin (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Gavan Breen, Thomas Parkhouse
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual 5
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Limilngan-Wulna Wulna
Dixon (2002) DARWIN REGION GROUP LimilnganWulna areal group Wuna (Wulna) Wuna (Wulna)
Wurm (1994) Laragiyan Wulna Wulna
Walsh (1981) Laragiyan Wulnic Wulna
Oates (1975) Larakian Wulnic Wulna (N32)
Wurm (1972) Larakian Wunic Wuna
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Larakian Wunic Wuna