S15: Bindjali / Bodaruwitj

AIATSIS code: 
S15
AIATSIS reference name: 
Bindjali / Bodaruwitj

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Bindjali
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Potaruwutj
Thesaurus heading language
Bindjali / Bodaruwidj language S15
Thesaurus heading (old)
Bedaruwidj / Tatiara language (S15) (SA SJ54-02)
Tindale (1974)
Potangola (alternative term, Woychibirik, Wepul-prap (Tanganekald term, means 'southern people'), Polin-junga (horde name), Jaran (language name), Yaran, Tatiara (a place name, also a horde), Tattayarra, Tatiarra, Djadjala, Dadiera, Tyattyalla, Tyatyalli, Tyeddyuwurru, Wirigirek (a northern horde; Wirrega, a place name), Wereka (wereka = no), Wereka-tyalli, Werekarait, Wergaia, Wra-gar-ite (see Marditjali tribe, Vic. for explanation of this term), Kangara-balak (of the Tanganekald, ['kangara] = east, ['balak] = people), Cangarabaluk, Coolucooluk (horde name), Padtha-way tribe.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Potangola, Woychibirik, Wepulprap,Yaran, Tatiara, Tattayarra, Tyatyalli, Tyeddyuwurru, Wirigirek, Werekatyalli
Glottocode
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Other sources
Bindjali, Potaruwutj, Potangola (acc.to Tindale an alternative term), Woychibirik, Tatiara dialect [the blacks - Woychbirik], Wepulprap (Tanganekald term meaning "southern people"), Jaran (language name), Yaran (language name), Tattayarra, Tatiarra, Dadiera, Wereka (=no), Werekarait, Wra-gar-ite, Kangarabalak (of the Tanganekald, - east people), Cangarabaluk, Padthaway tribe (considered a var/alt by Tindale 1974), Wereka-tyalli (wereka = no; tyalli = speech, tongue or language) (considered a var/alt by Tindale 1974), Bundyalli, Po:taru'wutj, Po:taruwutj, Potaruwut, Bodaruwidj, Bodaruwudj, Weregadjali [Clark 1990:410]
Synonyms
Bodaruwidj, Bundyalli, Potangola, Potaruwutj, Weregadjali, Cangarabaluk, Coolucooluk, Dadiera, Danganalun, Danganegald, Dangani, Djadjala, Jaran, Kalde, Kangarabalak, Milmainjericon, Milmendjuri, Milmendura, Milmenrura, Padthaway tribe, Polenjunga, Polinjunga, Portaruwutj, Taloinjunga, Tananalun, Tangalun, Tanganalum, Tanganalun, Tanganarin, Tangane, Tanganekald, Tangani, Tanganikald, Tatiara, Tatiarra, Tattayarra, Tenggi, Tenkinyra, Thunga, Thungah, Tonggi, Tunga, Tyattyalla, Tyatyalli, Tyeddyuwurru, Wattatonga, Wepulprap, Wereka, Wereka tyalli, Werekarait, Werekatyalli, Wergaia, Wirigirek, Woychibirik, Wra gar ite, Yaran, Tatiara dialect, Polin junga, Kangara balak, Padtha way tribe
Comment
Comments: 
According to Clark (1990:410), Dixon's working papers says this language is plainly a western Kulin dialect. Dixon (1974) identifies a new name, Bindjali, which he says may be the same as Bodaruwitj but this needs checking. Note that Dixon does not include Bindjali in his 2002 classification, though this name has been used by several subsequent sources. This language was previously listed in the Thesaurus as Bedaruwidj / Tatiara but Tatiara does not appear in any contemporary sources. Clark (1996:20) groups Bindjali, Bodaruwitj and 'Weregadjali' as alternative names for the same language, commenting that Bodaruwitj is probably a pejorative name assigned by outsiders. Clark (1996, 2005) lists Weregadjali as a 'sub-dialect' of Bindjali, which he says is confirmed by Crouch (n.d.), Haynes (in Curr 1887), and Mathews (1904). However, neither Haynes nor Mathews mentions the name (the Crouch item is not held in the AIATSIS collection) and there appears to be no language data available.
References: 
  • Clark, Ian. 1990. Aboriginal languages and clans: an historical atlas of western and central Victoria, 1800-1900: Monash Publications in Geography, 37. Melbourne: Department of Geographical and Environmental Science, Monash University.
  • Clark, Ian. 1996. Aboriginal language areas in Victoria: a reconstruction. Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages.
  • Cother, Emma & Mary-Anne Gale. 2005. Resource guide for the Indigenous languages of South Australia. Part A. Introduction & helpful information. [Adelaide: Discipline of Linguistics, University of Adelaide]. (B C843.91/R1)
  • Dixon, R.M.W. 1974. Vocabulary from the Bordertown language. (PMS 462)
  • Dixon, R.M.W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
SA
VIC
Location information: 
Naracoorte west to within ten miles of the sea along the third inland dune range of the Coorong; at Taratap; north to Tatiara, Bordertown, Wirrega, and Keith (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKulinicKulinPotaruwutj
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganNarrinyericKorniTanganekald (Dadungalung, Portawurutj)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganKulinicKulinPotaruwutj