S26.1: Knenknenwurrung

AIATSIS code: 
S26.1
AIATSIS reference name: 
Knenknenwurrung

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Jaadwa (Knen-knen-wurrong)
Tindale (1974)
Ja:rewe, Mukja:dwen, Yardwa-tyalli (['jaadwa] and ['ngalanja] in southern hordes = no), Yartwur, Yarawain, Mukjarawaint, Ngengenwuru, Ngenngen-wurro, Nandatjali (language name ['nanda] = good, ['jali] = speech), Nundatyalli, Knindowurrong (i.e., clear speakers, term claimed by several tribes), Knindowurong, Knenkorenwurro, Knen-knen-wurrong, Kneu-Kneu-wurro (misprint), Milang-burn, Djappuminyou (a horde); Djappuninyou (typographical error), (kuli = name for man), Dallundeer (of Wembawemba), Bulukwuro (horde at Lake Buloke), Boolucburer, Portbulluc (horde at Mount Zero), Morton Plains tribe, Brapkut (name of speech of southern hordes), Murra-murra-barap (horde at Glenorchy).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Yaara, Yaura, Yayauring, Jajarung, Jajowurrong, Jajowrung, Jajowerong, Jajowrong, Jajoworrong, Jajowerong, Djadjawurung, Jurobaluk, Nirabaluk, Nirababaluk, Panyod, Knenknenwurro,
Glottocode
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Other sources
Ngengen wurrung, Ningin-wurrou, Ninginwurrow, Nin ye noo rong, Nin ye noo ron, Nin yin woo rong, Ning we oo now er rong, Nin ying woor un, Ning yin woor.rong, Nin yin woor un, Nin-yin.woor.run, Knen-knen wurrong, Kneu-kneu-wurro, Knenkorenwurro, Knen knen wurro, Knen-knen-worrong,, Knen-knen-wurrong, Knenkoren-wurro, Knenknenwurro, Ngenngenwurruo, Nindakke-dou-rong, Nindakke-dow-rong, Nindakkedowrong, Knen knen wuru, Knen knen dialect, Knindowurrong (acc. to Tindale 1974 a variant of Jaadwa), Knin knin waru (mistranscription), Knin knin wuru, Knen koren wuro, Knen koren-wurro, Nginanginawooro, Ngina Ngina Wooro, Kuen-koren-werro, Ngina Ngina Wooro, Kuen-koren-werro, Natti-Yallook & Stuart-Mill dialect (no = 'Nge-Nge'), Hamilton dialect (no='Nge-Nge'), Mount Rouse dialect (no='Nge-Nge'), Hopkins River dialect (no = 'Ngee-Ngee'), Nin-Nin wurrou, Nin Nin Wurrou, Knindowurong (according to Massola 1970b:6 a Tjapwurong group), Ngengenwur (considered a var/alt. of Jaadwa by Tindale 1974), Ngenngen-wurro, Knin Knin Wurrou, Ngengenwurrung (possibly part of Djadjawurung) [Clark 1990:106] Ngenngenwurro [Ridley 1875] Knenknenwurrung [Clark 2005]
Synonyms
Djadjawurung, Djappuminyon, Jaara, Jajaurung, Jajowerong, Jajowerrong, Jajowrung, Jajowurrong, Jardwa, Jurobaluk, Knenknenwurro, Knindowurrong, Nirababaluk, Nirabaluk, Panyod, Yaara, Yardwa tyalli, Yaura, Yayauring, Jajarung, Jajowrong, Jajoworrong, Ngengenwurung, Jaadwa, Ngengen wurrung, Ningin wurrou, Ninginwurrow, Nin ye noo rong, Nin ye noo ron, Nin yin woo rong, Ning we oo now er rong, Nin ying woor un, Ning yin woor, rong, Nin yin woor un, Nin yin, woor, run, Knen knen wurrong, Kneu kneu wurro, Knenkorenwurro, Knen knen wurro, Knen knen worrong, Knenkoren wurro, Ngenngenwurruo, Nindakke dou rong, Nindakke dow rong, Nindakkedowrong, Knen knen wuru, Knen knen dialect, Knin knin waru, Knin knin wuru, Knen koren wuro, Knen koren wurro, Nginanginawooro, Ngina Ngina Wooro, Kuen koren werro, Natti Yallook & Stuart Mill dialect, Hamilton dialect, Mount Rouse dialect, Hopkins River dialect, Nin Nin wurrou, Nin Nin Wurrou, Knindowurong, Ngengenwur, Ngenngen wurro, Knin Knin Wurrou, Ngengenwurrung, Ja:rewe, Mukja:dwen, Yartwur, Yarawain, Mukjarawaint, Ngengenwuru, Nandatjali, Nundatyalli, Kneu Kneu wurro, Milang burn, Djappuminyou; Djappuninyou, Dallundeer, Bulukwuro, Boolucburer, Portbulluc, Morton Plains tribe, Brapkut, Murra murra barap
Comment
Comments: 
On the basis of Aboriginal Protectorate records and Dawson (1881), Clark (1996, 2005) identifies three related dialects: Knenknenwurrung, Pirtpirtwurrung S86 and Djabwurrung S26. Clark uses Djabwurrung as both language and dialect name based on the fact that Dawson refers to Djab wurrung S26 as one of four main languages spoken in western Victoria (Clark 2005:11). Documentation on Djabwurrung S26 may be relevant.
References: 
  • Clark, Ian. 1990. Aboriginal languages and clans: an historical atlas of western and central Victoria, 1800-1900: Monash Publications in Geography, 37. Melbourne: Department of Geographical and Environmental Science, Monash University.
  • Clark, Ian. 1996. Aboriginal language areas in Victoria: a reconstruction. Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages.
  • Clark, Ian. 2005. Aboriginal language areas in Victoria - a reconstruction: a report to Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages. Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages.
  • Dawson, James. 1881. Australian Aborigines: the languages and customs of several tribes of Aborigines in the Western District of Victoria, Australia. Melbourne: George Robertson.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
VIC
Location information: 
... north of 'Pirt kopan noot', between the Pyrenees and Grampian Ranges (Parker, in Clark 1990:91).
Maps: 
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Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)UnclassifiedNgengenwurung
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Jaara (Knenknenwurro)