A31: Tjupan

AIATSIS code: 
A31
AIATSIS reference name: 
Tjupan

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
Tjupany
Horton name
Tjupany
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Pini
Thesaurus heading language
Tjupan language A31
Thesaurus heading (old)
Djuban language (A31) (WA SG51-10)
Tindale (1974)
Pini, Piniiri, Piniridjara, Biniridjara, Pandjanu, Bandjanu (locality term, now Bandya Station), Banjanu, Tjubun, Madutjara (term applied by the Nangatatjara), Jabura (northerners, name used by Tjalkadjara), Birni (a supposed name of their language probably a corruption of Piniiri,) ? Buranudjara, Nangaritjara (name of their speech as used by Tjalkadjara), Wordako (said by a Ngadadjara man to be a language name of the Lake Darlot people; also used for Tjalkadjara).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Tjubanba, Djuban, Jupan, Thuradha (Bates), Tjuparn Wangka, Tjupany
Synonyms
Tjupany, Madoitja, Tjubanba, Tjubanba, Djuban, Tjupan, Jupan, Thuradha (Bates), Tjuparn Wangka, Tjupany
Comment
Comments: 

Hanson (Wangka Maya 2008) says that Tjupan (A31) has been referred to as 'Tjalkati', 'Kuwarra' and 'Kurlujarra'. Liberman (1978) treats Tjupany as a dialect of the Western Desert language A80 but he also questions whether it refers to a separate dialect. Horton treats Tjupany (A31) and Kuwarra A16 as distinct dialects of Western Desert language A80. Jessica Boynton is doing research on Tjupany (in 2008); von Brandenstein made some recordings at Meekatharra and Marsh is doing a depth study (Oates & Oates 1970:79). See the Goldfields Aboriginal Language Centre  https://wangka.com.au/tjupan/

 

References: 
  • Berndt, Ronald. 1959. The concept of the tribe in the Western Desert of Australia. Oceania 30(2):81-107.
  • Liberman, Kenneth B. 1978. Tjankultjanu: an ethnography of a country without a people: (a report to the Registrar of Aboriginal Sites on the impact of the Yeelirrie uranium development). Leonora, WA. (MS 2302).
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre. 2008. Tjupan dictionary 2008. South Hedland, WA: Wangka Maya Pilbara Aboriginal Language Centre.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 

Possibly Meekatharra according to Oates and Oates description (Oates & Oates 1970:79) North of Yellirrie, Mt. Russell, Mt. Yagahong, west of Meekatharra, east of Wiluna on Liberman's map (Liberman 1978) (Berndt's map (1959) shows Djuban to be south of Lake Carnegie. The mapping of this language in AUSTLANG follows Liberman.) north of Mulga Queen (Berndt 1959, in Wangka Maya PALC 2008) Tjupan people are originally from the Wiluna area, from Darlot, Carnegie, Wongawol and Sandstone areas, and possibly through to the Menzies area. (Wangka Maya PALC 2008) Contemporary location Many Tjupan people have migrated to other locations throughout the Goldfield's regions. (Wangka Maya PACL 2008)

Maps: 
  • Horton, David. 1996. Aboriginal Australia (map). Canberra: AIATSIS.
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Jessica Boynton, Berndt, Tindale, Bates
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS10--20
2005Estimate10
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census8

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)          
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981)          
Oates (1975)          
Wurm (1972)          
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)