A38: Ngaanyatjarra

AIATSIS Code: 
A38
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Ngaanyatjarra

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Ngaanyatjarra language
ABS Name
Ngaanyatjarra
Horton Name
Ngaanyatjarra
Ethnologue name
Ngaanyatjarra
ISO 639-3 code
ntj
Tindale name
Ngadadjara (Nganadjara)
Thesaurus heading
Ngaanyatjarra language (A38) (WA SG51-08)
Tindale (1974)
Jabungadja ('mountain Ngadja' i.e. Ngadadjara of Rawlinson Ranges), Ku:rara (name given by Pitjandjara to people of Rawlinson Ranges), Nadadjara, Nga:da (short form of name), Nga:dapitjardi (name applied by western people to hordes near Blackstone Ranges), Ngad-adara, Ngadatara (Pitjandjara term), Ngadatjara, Ngadawongga, Ngadjatara, Nganadjara (name used by Warburton Range hordes for those northeast toward the Rawlinson Ranges also shortened to Ngan:a), Ngatatara (misprint), Ngatatjara, Rumudjara, Teitudjara (name used by Nan:a to west), Wan:udjara (eastern Ngadadjara name for their northern hordes at Giles ['Julia] in the Rawlinson Ranges), Warara (name used for the northeastern hordes), Wirtjandja (alternative name), Witjandja (name of the people of the Warburton Range horde)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Nganadjara
Glottocode
ngaa1240
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Ngaanjatjarra
Nana
I:nabadanggural
Jumudjara
Kalgonei
Kalgoneidjara
Kalguni
Kuwaratjara
Nangandjara
Nangaridjara
Ngaanjadjara
Ngan:adjara
Ngana
Nganadjara
Ngatari
Nona
Warburton Ranges
Ngadadjara
Ngaanyatjara
Warburton Ranges Dialect
Jabungadja
Ku:rara
Nadadjara
Nga:da
Nga:dapitjardi
Ngad adara
Ngadatara
Ngadatjara
Ngadawongga
Ngadjatara
Ngatatara
Ngatatjara
Rumudjara
Teitudjara
Wan:udjara
Warara
Wirtjandja
Witjandja
Comment
Language comment
This is one of the well described dialects of the Western Desert language A80 and, according to Glass, Hackett and Newberry (2003), it is very close to Ngaatjatjarra A43. Tindale (1974) lists Nganadjara (A38) as an alternative name of Ngadadjara A43 and says the name is used by Warburton Range groups to refer to those north-east toward the Rawlinson Ranges.
References

Glass, Amee, Dorothy Hackett, and Bernard Newberry eds. 2003. Ngaanyatjarra-Ngaatjatjarra to English dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
WA
Location information
In the times before the establishment of the Warburton Mission, Ngaanyatjarra was spoken around the area of present-day Warburton and perhaps as far east as Jamieson Range (Glass, Hackett & Newberry 2003:1). At Warburton Ranges, east to Fort Welcome, Blackstone Ranges, Murray Range, and Mount Hinckley; their southeasternmost water being Ero:tjo, just south of Wangalina; northeastward to Kudjuntari in the Schwerin Mural Crescent Range; at ['Julia] (Giles) in the Rawlinson Ranges. North to Hopkins Lake and Carnegie Range and beyond Christopher Lake; west to Tekateka and Jalara and about Alfred Marie Ranges (Tindale 1974 for Ngadadjara).
Maps
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- 700 incl in Western 989 - >200 700 1000
Speaker NILS table
1 4 5 6
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
1
Documentation
Document Score: 
13
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Text Collection Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Grammar Small grammar (100-200 pages) 3
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript Note: 
not available
Grammar: 
Glass, Amee. 1970. Pitjantjatjara grammar: a tagmemic view of the Ngaanyatjara (Warburton Ranges) dialect. Canberra: AIAS. Glass, Amee. (2006). Ngaanyatjarra learner's guide. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Dictionary: 
Glass, Amee, Dorothy Hackett and Bernard Newberry. 2003. Ngaanyatjarra & Ngaatjatjarra to English Dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Programs
Activities: 
Ngaanyatjarra Bible Project has been making recordings and language materials and also translated the Bible. Ngaanyatjarra Language Centre (which has ceased to exist) made recordings and language materials in 2000 and 2001.
People: 
Mark de Graaf (note that his items in MURA are identified as Ngaatjatjara (A43) but it should be Ngaanyatjarra). Amee Glass & Dorothy Hackett (Ngaanyatjarra Bible Project), Kazuko Obata
Indigenous organisations: 

Ngaanyatjarra Council http://www.ngaanyatjarra.org.au/

Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan South-West Wati Ngaanyatjarra  
Dixon (2002)       Ngaanjatjarra The Western Desert language. dialects: (a) Warnman, (b) Yulparitja, (c) Manjtjiltjara (or Martu Wangka), (d) Kartutjarra, (e) Kukatja, (f) Pintupi, (g) Luritja, (h) Ngaatjatjarr, (i) Ngaanjatjarra, G) Wangkatha, (k) Wangatja, (l) Ngaliya, (m) Pitjantjatjarra, (n) Yankuntjatjarra, (o) Kukarta
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West   Ngaanyatjara  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Wati/Western Desert Ngaanyatjara  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Western Desert Proper Wati Ngaanjadjara  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Western Desert Language Ngaanyatjarra, Warburton Ranges Dialect  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Wati Warburton Ranges