A69: Bunara

AIATSIS Code: 
A69
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Bunara

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Ngardi
Horton Name
Ngarti
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Ngardi
Thesaurus heading
Ngardi / Bunara language (A69) (WA SE52-14)
Tindale (1974)
Ngadi, Ngari (imperfect hearing of Ngardi), Panara (general descriptive term applied to more than one tribe, indicating those who live by winnowing grass seed in ['pan: a] or wooden dishes), Bunara, Boonara, Waiangara (of eastern tribes), Kolo (of the Pintubi), Waiangari (of Ngalia), Wain-gara, Waiangadi, Waringari (derogatory term used by Walpiri), Warangari, Kukuruba (name used by Ngalia), Woneiga, Wanayaga, Puruwantung and Buruwatung (of Birdsell), Manggai (a place name), ? Munga (of Mathews), Walmala (derogatory term), Wommana (has meaning similar to Walmala).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Boonarra
Glottocode
-
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Ngardi
Ngardilj
Ngarti
Waringari
Boonarra
Buna:ra
Ngadi
Ngari
Ngati
Panara
Boonara
Waiangara
Kolo
Waiangari
Wain gara
Waiangadi
Warangari
Kukuruba
Woneiga
Wanayaga
Puruwantung
Buruwatung
Manggai
Munga
Walmala
Wommana
Comment
Language comment
Previously Bunara was treated as an alternative name for Ngardi A121. Tindale (1974) lists Bunara as an alternative for Ngardi (as well as for Kokatja A68); Cataldi (2007 p.c.) says 'punarra' in Ngardi means 'stripe' or the incision carved into a shield. She allows that it might have been used metaphorically to mean language, though she never heard people using punarra as a language name. However, both Oates and Oates (1970) and Oates (1975) treat Bunara and Ngardi as separate language varieties, and Capell (1940:425, 429) supplies distinct sets of language data for Ngadi A121 and Buna:ra (A69). Further, Capell describes Buna:ra as an eastern dialect of Wolmeri A66; this correspond to Cataldi’s Eastern Walmajarri (see A66) (in Honeyman 2005:22), which is apparently closely related – and thus distinct from – Ngardi A121. Given this, Ngardi A121 and Bunara are now treated as distinct language headings in the Thesaurus and a new record has been created for Bunara in AUSTLANG. The code A69 was originally assigned to Bunara; this is reinstated and the new code A121 is assigned to Ngardi.
References

Capell, Arthur. 1940. The classification of languages in north and north-west Australia. Oceania 10(3):241-272; 10(4):404-433.
Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
Cataldi, Lee. n.d. A Dictionary of Ngardi, University of Sydney.
Cataldi, Lee. n.d. Ngardi vocabulary and notes. (ASEDA 0737).
Honeyman, Tom. 2005. Topic and focus in Ngardi, University of Sydney: BA (Hons).
Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
Robinson, Judy. 1999. Bushman of the red heart: Central Australian cameleer & explorer Ben Nicker 1908-1942. Rockhampton, Qld: Central Queensland University Press. (B R662.16/B1)
Terry, Michael. 1926. A surgical operation as performed by the Boonarra tribe of northern Australia, and a short vocabulary of the languages of some north Australian tribes. Man, vol. 26, pp. 193-194. (RS 57/6)
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
WA
Location information
Sturt Creek south of Gregory Salt Sea, WA (Capell 1963). ... the region surrounding Bililuna station at the terminus of Sturt Creek (Capell 1940:423). O'Grady's well (Robinson 1999:94) Flora Valley, Halls Creek, Gregory's Sea, Bililuna station (Terry 1926:193-94).
Maps
  • Tindale, Norman. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Division of National Mapping, Department of National Development.
  • Tsunoda, Tasaku. 1981. The Djaru language of Kimberley, Western Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
13
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLarge (more than 200 pages)4
Text CollectionLarge (more than 200 pages)4
GrammarSketch grammar (less than 100 pages)2
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
Not available
Grammar: 
Cataldi, Lee. Ngardi vocabulary and notes, ASEDA 0737.
Dictionary: 
Cataldi, Lee. Ngardi vocabulary and notes, ASEDA 0737.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Lee Cataldi, Kimberley Language Resource Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)NORTHERN DESERT FRINGE SUBGROUPYapa subgroup*Ngardi (or Ngardilj)Ngardi (or Ngardilj)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestNgardi
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestNgargaNgardi
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganCentral Western Desert TypeNgargaBunara
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)NgargaNgardi
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwest, NgumbinNgargaNgardi, Bunara