D16: Wilyakali

AIATSIS code: 
D16
AIATSIS reference name: 
Wilyakali

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Wiljali (Wiljakali)
Ethnologue name
Darling [Wiljakali]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Wiljakali
Tindale (1974)
Wilyakali, Wiljali, Wiljagali, ? Willoo, Bo-arli, Bulali ('Hill people' ['bula] = hill, a general term).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Wilyakali, Wiljagali, Wilya, Willo
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Wilyaali [Wafer & Lissarrague 2008:263]
Synonyms
Paakantyi, Darling, Wiljali, Wiljagali, Willoo, Bo arli, Bulali
Comment
Comments: 

Following Hercus, Wafer and Lissarrague divide the Darling River language into two groups: Southern Darling River includes Southern Paakantyi D61, Wilyaali (~Wilyakali) (D16), Thaangkali (~Thangkakali) D14, Pulaali (Pulakali) D11, Wanyuparlku (~Wanyiwalku) D21, Pantyikali D17, Marrawarra D6, Parrintyi D48; and Northern Darling River or Paakantyi D12, Paaruntyi D47, Kurnu D25, Nhaawuparlku (Nhaawarlku) D19 and Milpulo D59 (2008: 263-267).

Note that Hercus's Paakantyi grammar and dictionary is mainly on Southern Paakantyi D61.

 

References: 
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1993. Paakantyi dictionary. Canberra: the author.
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1994. Paakantyi. In N. Thieberger & W. McGregor (eds), Macquarie Aboriginal words: a dictionary of words from Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages. North Ryde: Macquarie Library.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.

Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
SA
Location information: 

... in the Broken Hill area and as far west as the Olary district (Hercus 1993:10).

Barrier Range; west to Olary, So. Aust.; at Silverton, Mutooroo, Boolcoomata; northeast to Mootwingee, north to the southern limits of Sturt Meadows (Tindale 1974).

 

Maps: 
-
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Luise Hercus
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection None 0
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 

Hercus, Luise. 1982 The Bagandji language: Pacific Linguistics B6.7 Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Dictionary: 

Hercus, Luise Anna 1993 Paakantyi dictionary. Canberra: Luise Hercus.

Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Baagandji   Darling [Wiljakali] Darling [dialects: Kula, Wiljakali (Wilyagali), Bagundji (Baagandji, Bagandji). Bagundji dialect is widely understood by others (1970 Oates).]
Dixon (2002)          
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Baagandji   Wilyagali  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Baagandji   Wilyagali  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Darling   Wiljagali  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Darling   Wilyakali  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Darling   Wiljakali