D16: Wilyakali

AIATSIS code: 
D16
AIATSIS reference name: 
Wilyakali

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Wiljali (Wiljakali)
Ethnologue name
Darling [Wiljakali]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Wiljakali
Thesaurus heading language
Wilyakali language D16
Thesaurus heading (old)
Wilyagali language (D16) (NSW SI54-03)
Tindale (1974)
Wilyakali, Wiljali, Wiljagali, ? Willoo, Bo-arli, Bulali ('Hill people' ['bula] = hill, a general term).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Wilyakali, Wiljagali, Wilya, Willo
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Wilyaali [Wafer & Lissarrague 2008:263]
Synonyms
Paakantyi, Darling, Wiljali, Wiljagali, Willoo, Bo arli, Bulali
Comment
Comments: 
According to Hercus (1993), this is a dialect of Paakantyi D12. Note that Hercus's Paakantyi grammar and dictionary is mainly on Southern Paakantyi D61. Previously, the Thesaurus listed Wiljali D13 separately, but as it is an alternative name for Wiljagali (D16) (Oates 1975), this has been corrected.
References: 
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1993. Paakantyi dictionary. Canberra: the author.
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1994. Paakantyi. In N. Thieberger & W. McGregor (eds), Macquarie Aboriginal words: a dictionary of words from Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages. North Ryde: Macquarie Library.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
SA
Location information: 
... in the Broken Hill area and as far west as the Olary district (Hercus 1993:10). Barrier Range; west to Olary, So. Aust.; at Silverton, Mutooroo, Boolcoomata; northeast to Mootwingee, north to the southern limits of Sturt Meadows (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Luise Hercus
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listMedium (100-200 pages)3
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarLarge grammar (more than 200 pages)4
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 

Hercus, Luise. 1982 The Bagandji language: Pacific Linguistics B6.7 Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Dictionary: 
Hercus, Luise Anna 1993 Paakantyi dictionary. Canberra: Luise Hercus.
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganBaagandjiDarling [Wiljakali]Darling [dialects: Kula, Wiljakali (Wilyagali), Bagundji (Baagandji, Bagandji). Bagundji dialect is widely understood by others (1970 Oates).]
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganBaagandjiWilyagali
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganBaagandjiWilyagali
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganDarlingWiljagali
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganDarlingWilyakali
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganDarlingWiljakali