D29: Gambuwal

AIATSIS code: 
D29
AIATSIS reference name: 
Gambuwal

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Kambuwal (alternative for Ngarabal)
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Kambuwal
Thesaurus heading language
Gambuwal language D29
Thesaurus heading (old)
Gambuwal language (D29) (Qld SH56-01)
Tindale (1974)
Gambuwal and Gambabal (valid variants), Gambu-bal, Kaoambul, Cambooble
O'Grady et al (1966)
Kaombal
Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Kambuwal, alternative for Ngarabal, Cambooble, Gambabal, Gambubal, Kaoambul, Kaombal, Gambu bal
Comment
Comments: 
Gambuwal and Bigambal D34 have a 75% cognate count indicating a possible dialectal relationship; they are grouped with other east Queensland border languages Guyambal D35 and Yugambal E11 by Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:332-4).
References: 
  • Barlow, Harriott. 1873. Vocabulary of Aboriginal dialects of Queensland. The Journal of Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 2:166-175.
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • MacPherson, John. 1904. Ngarrabul and other Aboriginal tribes. Pt. 2 Distribution of tribes. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales vol. 29, pt. 4, pp. 677-684. (RS 50/5)
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Inglewood to Bonshaw, New South Wales; north to southern vicinity of Millmerran; east to Stanthorpe and Wallangarra and the western slope of the Dividing Range (Tindale 1974). Inglewood (Queensland), and extending towards the Dumaresque and Mooni Rivers (Macpherson 1904:680). Inglewood to Bonshaw, NSW, north to Millmerran; on western slope of Dividing Range (Capell 1963).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates0
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganGiabalicKambuwal
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganGiabalicKambuwal
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganBandjalangicKambuwal