D45: Wadjalang

AIATSIS Code: 
D45
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Wadjalang

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Dharawala
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Wadjalang
Thesaurus heading
Wadyalang language (D45) (Qld SG55-05)
Tindale (1974)
['mari] = man, ['al:a] = no.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Wadjalang
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Dharawala, Wadjalany [Breen 1990:68]
Synonyms
Dharawala
Nguri
Wadjelang
Wadjalany
Comment
Language comment
This language was previously known as Wadjalang (D45). Prior to his 1990 publication 'Salvage studies of Western Queensland Aboriginal languages' Breen was skeptical of the status of Wadjalang as a language name, noting his reservations about names based on the verb wadja ‘to go’ and that present-day informants did not recognise the name. Breen (1971:13-14) concludes that the name should be retained in the absence of any other information and tentatively suggests that the word list supplied by Ahern in Curr (1886) may be Wadjalang (though he later changes his opinion (Breen 1990:69)). Oates & Oates (1970), relating Breen’s remark that informants do not recognise the name Wadjalang, claim that he suggests Marganj D42 may have been spoken in the territory allocated to Wadjalang. The source of this information, however, is not apparent. Breen 1971 flags a possible link between Wadjalang and Bidjara (p. 14), and Breen 1990 notes that the territory occupied by speakers of the 'Blackall, Yangeeberra, Mt Enniskillen' (tentative) dialect falls, in part, within the area Tindale associates with Wadjalang (p. 69). Breen (1990:68) uses Dharawala (rendering of Tarawalla in Breen's phonemic orthography) in preference to Tindale's Wadjalang as the language name on the basis of the phonotactic implausibility of Wadjalang. Breen takes his data from Powell's 'Tarawalla dialect' word list in Curr (1886) and unpublished Wadjalang wordlists collected by Tindale. Dixon (2002) uses both Wadjalang and Dharawala. In the Thesaurus, Dharawala is used as the language name and Wadjalang as the people name.
References

Breen, Gavan. 1971. Aboriginal languages of Western Queensland. In Linguistic Communications 5, 1-88. Melbourne: Monash University.
Breen, Gavan. 1990. Salvage studies of Western Queensland Aboriginal languages: Pacific Linguistics B-105. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Curr, Edward Micklethwaite. 1886-87. The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia, and the routes by which it spread itself over that continent. Melbourne: John Ferres, Government Printer; London: Trübner.
Dixon, R. M. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
QLD
Location information
Headwaters of Bulloo and Langlo rivers from Quilpie north to Northampton Downs, near and east of Blackall, and to Tambo; east to Cheepie, Burrandilla, and Nive Downs; at Ambathalla and Minnie Downs (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
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NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
2
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarA few articles1
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript Note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)GREATER MARIC GROUPMaric proper subgroupWadjalang, DharawalaBidjara* Breen (1973, 1981a) further dialects: Gungabula, Marrganj, Gunja, Wadjigu, Gayiri, Dharawala, Wadjalang, Wadjabangayi, Yiningayi, Yanjdjibara, Mandandanjdji, Guwamu, Gunggari, Ganulu, Gabulbara, Wadja, Nguri
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganMaricWadjalang
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganMaricMariWadjalang
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMaricMariWadjalang
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariWadjalang
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariWadjelang