D54: Yuwaalayaay

AIATSIS code: 
D54
AIATSIS reference name: 
Yuwaalayaay

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
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Horton name
Kamilaroi (Euahlayi)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Ualarai (Yuwalyai)
Thesaurus heading language
-
Thesaurus heading (old)
-
Tindale (1974)
Yualarai, Yualloroi, Yowaleri, Uollaroi, Youallerie, Yualari, Yualai, Yualeai, Yerraleroi, Yowairi, Yuolary, Eu-ahlayi, Yourilri, Youahlayi, Jualjai, Juwaljai, Yuwalyai, Wallarai, Wolleroi, Walleri, Woleroi, Wollaroi, Gingi (name of a station on bank of Barwon River opposite Walgett), Brewarrana tribe ([u'al] = ['wol] = ['wal] means 'yes'; the correct Ualarai negative is ['wongo]; Radcliffe-Brown was in error in recording 'yual' as meaning 'no').
O'Grady et al (1966)
Ualari, Juwalarai, Yualarai, Uollaroi, Yualai, Yerraleroi
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Yualeai [Mathews 1902] Yuwaalayaay [Ash, Giacon, and Lissarrague 2003]
Synonyms
Yuwaaliyaay, Euahlayi, Kamilaroi, Gamilaroi, Guyinbaray, Juwalarai, Ualarai, Walarai, Weraerai, Wirajarai, Yuwaalaraay, Yualyai, Ualari, Yualarai, Uollaroi, Yualai, Yerraleroi, Yuwalyay, Yualeai, Yualloroi, Yowaleri, Youallerie, Yualari, Yowairi, Yuolary, Eu ahlayi, Yourilri, Youahlayi, Jualjai, Juwaljai, Yuwalyai, Wallarai, Wolleroi, Walleri, Woleroi, Wollaroi, Gingi, Brewarrana tribe
Comment
Comments: 
Yuwaalayaay, Yuwaalaraay D27, Wirraay-Wirraay D28, Guyinbaraay D15, Gamilaraay D23, Waalaraay D55 and Gawambaraay D39 are in a dialectal relationship.
References: 
  • Ash, Anna, John Giacon & Amanda Lissarrague eds. 2003. Gamilaraay - Yuwaalaraay - Yuwaalayaay dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
  • Austin, Peter, Corinne J. Williams & Stephen Wurm. 1980. The linguistic situation in north central New South Wales. In Papers in Australian Linguistics 13, 167-180. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Mathews, Robert Hamilton. 1902. Languages of some native tribes of Queensland, New South Wales, and Victoria. Journal of the Royal Society of NSW 36:135-190.
  • Skulthorpe, Tex. 2001. Using Aboriginal art and language to teach. Haymarket, NSW: NAPCAN.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Williams, Corinne J. 1980. A grammar of Yuwaalaraay: Pacific Linguistics B-74. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
It appears to have extended southwards to near Walgett, and northwards into the basin of the Moonie River (Williams 1980: 3). Tindale (1974: 199) says that the territory did not extend this far north, but gives no basis for this statement. To the west the boundary fell between the Culgoa and Birrie Rivers, and extended eastwards almost to Collarenebri. Within this it is not possible to define an exact boundary between Yuwaalaraay and Yuwaaliyaay. There is, however, some evidence to suggest that Yuwaaliyaay territory was predominantly to the north of the area, and Yuwaalaraay to the south. in the area bounded by the Barwon and Narran Rivers north of Lightning Ridge (Austin, Williams and Wurm 1980:169). Goodooga-Narran River area (Ash, Giacon, and Lissarrague 2003:5). located upon a tract of country in southern Queensland, including Bokhara, Birrie, Narran, Ballonne and Moonie Rivers, and extend some distance within the New South Wales frontier (Mathews 1902:137) (Mathews does not seem to make a distinction between Yualeai (Yuwaalayaay) and Yuwaalaraay [D27] thus the area given by Mathews probably includes the area for Yuwaalaraay.)
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Anna Ash, John Giacon, Amanda Lissarrague, Janet Mathews, Corrine Williams, K. Langloh Parker, Fr Ernest Worms
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLarge (more than 200 pages)4
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarSmall grammar (100-200 pages)3
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
-
Grammar: 

Williams, Corrine J. 1980. A grammar of Yuwaalaraay: Pacific Linguistic B74. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Dictionary: 
Ash, Anna, Giacon, John, and Lissarrague, Amanda. 2003. Gamilaraay, Yuwaalaraay & Yuwaalayaay dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)CENTRAL NEW SOUTH WALES GROUPCentral inland New South Wales subgroup*Yuwaaliyaay (Euahlayi)Gamilaraay (Kamilaroi) Williams (1980) further dialects: Yuwaalaraay, Yuwaaliyaay (Euahlayi), Gunjbaraay, Gawambaraay, Wirayaraay (or Wiriwiri), Walaraay | Wiradhurri (or Wirratherie or Wirradgerry or Waradgery or Woradgery, etc.) H. Hale (1846), Günther (1892) possible further dialect: Wiraiari
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganWiradhuricYuwaaliyaayGamilaraay (Kamilaroi) [dialects: Gamilaraay, Northern Gamilaraay, Guyinbaraay, Gamilaraay, Wiriyaraay, Gawambaraay, Yuwaaliyaay]
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganWiradjuricMain WiradjuricYuwalyay
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganWiradjuricMain WiradjuricYualyai
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganWiradjuricMainYualyai