E23: Yuggera

AIATSIS code: 
E23
AIATSIS reference name: 
Yuggera

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Yuggera
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Jagara
Thesaurus heading language
Yuggera language E23
Thesaurus heading (old)
Jagara / Yuggera language (E23) (Qld SG56-14)
Tindale (1974)
Jagarabal (['jagara] = no), Jergarbal, Yagara, Yaggara, Yuggara, Yugg-ari, Yackarabul, Turubul (language name), Turrbal, Turrubul, Turrubal, Terabul, Tor-bul, Turibul, Yerongban, Yeronghan, Ninghi, Yerongpan, Biriin (see explanation under Jukambe).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Yagara, Turrubul, Yackarabul, Jinibara
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Jagera [Native Title claim] Cateebil (Meston) [Steele 1984:140]
Synonyms
Yugara, Yagara, Yuggera, Gowar, Jagara, Koenpul, Ngugi, Nunukul, Turrubul, Biriin, Djanda, Jagarabal, Jandai, Jergarbal, Jinibara, Nighi, Terabul, Torbul, Turibul, Turrbal, Turrubal, Turubul, Yackarabul, Yagarabal, Yagarabul, Yaggara, Yerongban, Yeronghan, Yerongpan, Yiniburra, Yugarabal, Yugg ari, Yuggara, Jagera, Tor bul, Ninghi, Quandamooka
Comment
Comments: 
The relationship between Yugara and Turubul E86 are not clear. Sharpe (2007 p.c.) says Turubul E86 and Yakara (E23) could be dialects of the same language or they may refer to one and the same language. She also says that Yugarabal E66 is a separate but related dialect. Steele (1984) treats Yuggera (E23) as a language group which includes Yuggera (E23), Turrbal E86, Jandai E19 and Gowar E26 languages. Tindale (1974) treats Jagara as a group name while Turubul E86 as the language spoken by Jagara. In this database, Yugara, Turubul E86, Guwar E26, Jandai E19, and Yugarabal E66 are treated as closely related languages although they might be better treated as closely related dialects. See also Moondjan E21. Other sources indicate that the Moreton Bay region and the people from that area are known as Quandamooka. This is a grouping that consists of Yugara and Koopenul in the Cleveland area; Nunukal (E21) and Goenpul (see Jandai E19) peoples from Stradbroke Island; and Ngugi E26 from Moreton Island.
References: 
  • Steele, John. 1984. Aboriginal pathways in southeast Queensland and the Richmond River. St Lucia: University of Queensland Press.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 

... in the "Sandy country" (Yerongpan) between Brisbane and Ipswich (Lauterer 1895 P 6088). Brisbane River from the Cleveland district inland to the Dividing Range about Gatton; north to near Esk; at Ipswich (Tindale 1974). Ipswich and the districts to the south (Fassifern) and west (Lockyer), as far as afield as Cunningham's Gap in the Fassifern District and Murphy's Creek at the head of the Lockyer Creek (Steele 1984:85 citing Meston).

Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Ridley William
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection Less than 20 pages 1
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual Less than 1 1
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)   CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP   Yagara Yagara further dialects: Turubul (or Turrbal), Janday, Moonjan
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Durubulic   Yagara  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Durubulic   Yagara  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Durubulic   Yagara(bal)  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Durubulic   Yagara(bal)  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Miyan Jagara