E29: Gubbi Gubbi

AIATSIS code: 
E29
AIATSIS reference name: 
Gubbi Gubbi

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Name
ABN name
Gubbi Gubbi language (Previously Gabi Language)
ABS name
-
Horton name
Gubbi Gubbi
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
gbw
Tindale name
Kabikabi
Thesaurus heading language
Gubbi Gubbi language E29
Thesaurus heading (old)
Gubbi Gubbi / Kabi Kabi / Gabi Gabi language (E29) (Qld SG56-06)
Tindale (1974)
Kabi (['kabi] = no), Cabbee, Karbi, Karabi, Carby-carbery, Kabbi, Kahby, Carby, Gabigabi, Dippil (general term embracing several tribes with languages akin to Kabikabi in southeastern Queensland), Dipple, Maiba (river chestnut people), Dundu:ra, Doondoora, Dundubara, Doon-dooburra (Hervey Bay people), Dowarburra (horde north of Kilkivan).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Kabi, Karbi, Dippil
Glottocode
-
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Gabi Gabi, Dippil, Dallambara, Dowarbara, Dulingbara, Kabi Kabi, Nalbo, Undanbi, Cabbee, Cabee, Carby, Carby carbery, Dhapil, Dhipil, Dipple, Doon dooburra, Doondoora, Dowarburra, Dundu:ra, Dundubara, Gabi, Gabigabi, Kabbi, Kabi, Kabikabi, Kahby, Karabi, Karbi, Maiba
Comment
Comments: 
Holmer describes a close relationship between Kabi Kabi (E29) and Batjala E30 but notes differences between them in morphology (1983:136).
References: 
  • Fesl Eve, Kathy Lynch and Terri Waller (2013). Gubbi Gubbi: A traditional language journey.
  • Holmer, Nils Magnus. 1983. Linguistic survey of south-eastern Queensland: Pacific Linguistics D-54. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Kite, Suzanne, and Stephen A. Wurm. 2004. The Duungidjawu language of southeast Queensland: grammar, texts and vocabulary: Pacific Linguistics 553. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Mathew, John. 1910. Two representative tribes of Queensland : with an inquiry concerning the origin of the Australian race
  • London:Fisher, Unwin.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Location: the coastal region from Caboolture in the south (perhaps including Bribie Island) to Childers in the north, and inland to the Jimna Range (Kite 2004: 7). Inland from Maryborough; north to Childers and Hervey Bay; south to near head of Mary River and Cooroy; west to Burnett and Coast Ranges and Kilkivan; at Gympie; not originally on Fraser Island although Curr (1886) mentions them as there (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Jeanie Bell, Margaret Sharpe, Birri-Gubba Wadja Bimbi Aboriginal Corporation
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection None 0
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual Less than 1 1
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
Bell, Jeanie, with assistance from Amanda Seed. 1994. Dictionary of the Gubbi-Gubbi and Butchulla languages. Brisbane: Jeanie Bell.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002) CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP Waka-Gabi areal group Gabi-Gabi (or Dippil) Gabi-Gabi (or Dippil) further dialect: Badjala
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Gabi
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Than Gabigabi Gabi [dialects: Gabigabi, Badjala]
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Than Gabi-Gabi
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Than Kabikabi
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Than Kabikabi